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##### Corporate Finance Assignment

BE350 Corporate Finance Assignment
Hand in by deadline posted on Moodle
 Unless otherwise stated – all questions assume zero discounting and risk neutrality
1
1. Consider a firm whose only asset is an investment opportunity that has a cost of 1 and a cash flow at some future date of ~x. The firm has also a debt liability of B which is due at the same future date. Suppose ~x  Uniform[0; 5], and that the realisation of x becomes known before the investment decision is made.
(a) Suppose B = 0. Work out the value of the equity ex ante (i.e. before the realisation of x is known).
(b) Suppose B > 0. Work out the value of the equity and the debt ex ante (as functions of B).
(c) Explain why there is a B such that the value of debt ex ante is maximized. Also explain why any debt
liability B > B is unlikely to be paid in full at the due date.
2. (a) Explain why the agency paradigm predicts that outside capital (debt or equity) in general leads to agency costs of financing. How should the firm minimise these agency costs?
(b) Explain why a corporate debt liability that may lead to underinvestment (debt overhang) can also 留学作业定做 prevent overinvestment (free cash flow theory). How should the firm minimize the costs of distortions to the investment policy?
(c) Explain why agency costs of financing arise, in essence, from a problem of incomplete contracting. If ‘complete’ debt or equity contracts were possible, what additional elements would be included in the contract in your view.
23. Suppose a firm has assets that have high cash flow XH with probability p and low cash flow XL with probability 1 􀀀 p. The firm is considering an investment that will improve the probability of high cash flow by an amount  (assume p +  < 1), and which has a cost I. The firm is currently owned by an entrepreneur who has no wealth of his own. New capital issued to outside investors promise a cash flow RH if cash flow is XH and RL if cash flow is XL (assume RL  RH and 0  Ri  Xi, i = H; L).
(a) What is the net present value of the investment project? What is the value of the firm if investment is not made?
(b) Now suppose the entrepreneur is of a ‘good type’ where p = pG or of a ‘bad type’ where p = pB,where pG > pB. The outside investors believe a good type entrepreneur has likelihood and a bad type entrepreneur has likelihood 1􀀀 . Outline the conditions under which both types of entrepreneurs are able to obtain outside financing for the investment.
(c) Now take the situation in (b) above and outline the conditions under which only one type of entrepreneurs is able to obtain outside financing.
4. (a) Explain why financial constraints may be caused by agency problems or asymmetric information problems.
(b) In what ways do financial constraints influence investment policy. Be as comprehensive as you can in your answer.论文英语论文网提供整理，提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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