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《欲望号街车》中象征手法的应用-On Symbolism in A Streetcar Named Desire

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-04-21编辑:caribany点击率:2152

论文字数:1829论文编号:org201404162048124033语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:Symbolism象征手法A Streetcar Named Desire欲望号街车Individual Symbols

摘要:田纳西·威廉斯是20世纪美国戏剧史上最突出的人物之一,几乎所有的工作都在对人类灵魂的探索。他喜欢用象征手法,帮助观众理解戏剧,分析戏剧中应用的各个象征物,包括名称,颜色,声音,语言等。

《欲望号街车》中象征手法的应用-On Symbolism in A Streetcar Named Desire
 

摘要:象征手法在田纳西•威廉斯的著作《欲望号街车》中得到了淋漓尽致的应用。其对帮助读者理解戏剧主题起重要的作用。本文试图对此戏剧中的象征物进行详尽的分析并讨论人物的悲惨境遇和内心世界如何通过象征物精彩的应用显现出来。论文分为四部分。第一章简介剧作家及戏剧并在文学评论中简述一些学者对此戏剧的研究。第二章详细分析戏剧中应用的各个象征物,包括名称,颜色,声音,语言等。第三章在对人物的象征性理解基础上探索主题。最后一章总结戏剧中的象征主义。
 
关键词:象征手法;《欲望号街车》;自我欺骗;南方文化


1. Introduction  引言


Tennessee Williams was one of the most important and talented playwright of all history. One of his masterpieces, A Streetcar Named Desire, which was opened on Broadway in 1947, was an immediate success, catapulting him into the mainstream idolatry as an American playwright.

田纳西·威廉斯是历史上最重要和有才华的剧作家之一。他的一个杰作,欲望号街车,于1947年在百老汇上演,直接成功使他一跃成为主流偶像崇拜的美国剧作家。


By now, scholars have paid much attention to various aspects in A Streetcar Named Desire. For example, Fang Jun and Liu Nuoya probe into the mature of the dramatic technique the poetic realism through meticulous study on the symbolic and expressionistic writing techniques and the interrelations of them in The Glass Menagerie and A Streetcar Named Desire (23). In Desire, Death and Dementia, researches have been put into analysis of the protagonist with understanding of symbolism (杨晋, 2002: 36-38) . 

到现在为止,学者们非常重视欲望号街车的各个方面。例如,方军和刘娜睚探入成熟的戏剧手法,通过对象征性和表现主义的写作手法细致的研究,他们在玻璃动物园的相互关系的诗意现实主义和欲望号街车(23日)。在欲望,死亡与老年痴呆症,研究理解了象征主义(杨晋,2002:36-38)。


2. Study of Individual Symbols  个人象征的研究


2.1 On Names
At the beginning of the play, readers are confronted with extremely obvious symbolic names of places. When Blanche arrives at her sister’s place, she says, “They told me to take a street-car named Desire, and then transfer to one called Cemeteries and ride six blocks and get off at Elysian Fields.” (Williams, 1978: 471) Thus, it is possible he represents a cemetery for Blanche. Stanislaus is the name of a king of Poland. Clearly, Stanley is the king of his household.
2.2 On Colors
When Blanche first appears, she is described as “daintily dressed in a white suit with a fluffy bodice, necklace and earrings of pearl, white gloves and hat”. (Williams 471) Blanche's white suit and gloves which are the symbol of purity shows her desire for purity and suggests that she wants to forget her sordid past, to hide her inner sins and to stay as an image of a dainty old south beauty. This is very ironic because white also is the color which is the most easily stained and destroyed. 
 

3. On Symbolic Understanding of Characters  对人物性格理解的象征主义


A Streetcar Named Desire can be described as an elegy, or poetic expression of mourning, for the Old South that died in the first part of the twentieth century. Alcoholism, depression, thwarted desire, loneliness, and insanity are all parts of this play. The character of Blanche Dubois is a vivid example of the use of symbolism throughout the play. Blanche is victim of her own self-delusions and Old South attitudes.
3.1 Victim of Self-delusions
Blanche arrives in New Orleans as an arrogant, fragile, and ultimately crumbling figure. Clinging desperately to her self-delusion, unable to accept the savage reality of what has happen论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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