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美国留学论文参考-从美国电影导演看电影界的发展

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2014-08-23编辑:felicia点击率:4346

论文字数:4730论文编号:org201408182303224328语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:导演电影拍摄auteur Theoryappraisal of filmsshaping forceAmerican Directors

摘要:本文是一篇电影学留学论文。安德鲁·萨瑞斯提出的导演理论表明相关的电影操作,安德鲁·萨瑞斯使用这个理论提出“导演是电影制作背后的驱动力和主要力量。”本文简要分析了美国电影市场和电影导演所采用的电影制作和操作方式。

导演主创论和珍·吕克·戈达德的工作


前言

“导演”这个词仅仅意味着作者;然而安德鲁·萨瑞斯提出的导演理论表明阅读方式和电影评价是通过检查导演的作品提出来的,安德鲁·萨瑞斯使用这个理论对导演的工作和作品进行排名,主要基于以下三个基础标准上:(a)技术能力(b)文体身份(c)世界观的传染性,在这个基础上,萨瑞斯检查导演的作品,评估其作品的价值(威尔斯和韩肯恩1997:313)。凯勒指出,导演理论可以概括为“导演是电影制作背后的驱动力和主要力量。”凯勒(1930)。


这个术语是由导演弗朗索瓦·特吕弗提出来的,他意识到,美国导演在电影拍摄的工作过程中,经常受到严格的限制,需要考虑各种电影类型和可以直接使用的脚本,因为这些通常是预先确定的,并允许讨论试验自己的想法。然而,尽管有这些限制,一些导演如希区柯克等能够实现自己独特的个人风格。


导演的作用是协调生产的所有元素及其不同阶段的发展状况,最终会影响电影作品的质量。


The auteur Theory and Jean Luc Goddard’s work


Introduction

The word “auteur” simply means author; however the auteur theory as devised by Andrew Sarris indicates a manner of reading and appraisal of films by examining the imprint of the author of the work, generally the director. Sarris uses this theory to rank the work of directors on the basis of three separate criteria: (a) technical competence (b) stylistic identity and (c) the communicability of their worldview, and on this basis, Sarris examines the work of directors and estimates their worth.(Wells and Hakanen, 1997:313). Keller points out that the auteur theory or la politique des auteurs may be summarized as the “acknowledgement of the director as the primary and shaping force behind any film.” (Keller 1930).


The term, politque des auteurs was coined by Francois Truffaut, who realized that American Directors often worked within strictly circumscribed parameters in reference to the kinds of films and the scripts they could direct, since these were often predetermined and allowed the directors little room to experiment with their own ideas. Yet, despite these restrictions, some directors such as Hitchcock were able to achieve a personal style that was uniquely their own.The role of the director is to coordinate all the elements of production and its various stages, which ultimately affects the quality of the final product.


The notion of the Director being the true author of a film first emerged through the views of Andrew Sarris, who offered the view that over the course of preparation of several films, a director may reveal certain recurring characteristics of styles or themes, which are like his or her personal signature or stamp upon the film, identifying it unmistakably as their product.


In particular, where some directors are concerned, some recurring themes may occur in all their works, or their work may demonstrate a particular world view or personal vision that becomes evident through their work. The auteur theory is especially relevant and important, as demonstrated through the work of Directors such as Jean Luc Goddard, because they bear the unmistakable personal imprint of the author, despite the plethora of external market and commodity pressures that may fashion the final products.


The objective of this study is to examine the works of French Director Jean Luc Goddard from the perspective of the auteur theory, in order to discern the unique thread that underlies this director’s work. Through an examination of four films, Une femme est une femme, Vivre Sa Vie, Le Mepris and a bout de soufflé, the unique elements in Godard’s films which set him apar论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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