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环境法律和政策

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:案例分析 Case Study登出时间:2015-10-06编辑:chenyuting点击率:3627

论文字数:2812论文编号:org201510041721251125语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:环境保护法ShriRam Food and FertilizersShriram气体泄漏案件

摘要:这是一篇Environmental law的留学作业,叙述了Shriram气体泄漏案件,它的背景,诉讼程序,法院判决及进展情况。在文章最后发表了自己对这个案件的个人看法。

环境法律和政策

Shriram气体泄漏案件在环境保护行动主义领域是一个非常重要的案例,因为它是最高法院,人民的代表对抗印度最大最富的一家工业活动单位,ShriRam Food and Fertilizers。

博帕尔灾难(史上最大的工业灾难)后一年,它还在试图解决和纠正当时的误判,恢复司法信仰。Shriram气体泄漏在性质上来说也是独一无二的因为这是第一次一个行业只为一场事故承担责任,被迫支付赔偿款,而不管在辩护的时候它拿出了怎样的论据。还值得注意的是,该判决结果不仅是在法律基础上得出的结果,而且是一个科学的结果,因为最高法院在其中扮演了一个额外的司法角色。 判决书也考虑到工业化的需求,和事故是不可避免的结果这一事实。总体而言,这是一个公平的决定,考虑到所有的东西,社会,经济和法律的因素,并建立了最高法院来保护环境和公众的权利。

背景

Shriram Food and Fertilizers是德里布机有限公司的子公司,是一家私有公司,生产烧碱氯和硫酸。“所有单位建立在一个单一复杂的综合设施,大约占地76亩,周围是人口稠密的殖民地如Punjabi Bagh, West Patel Nagar, Karampura, Ashok Vihar, Tri Nagar和Shastri Nagar,从这个综合设施延生出去半径3公里内大约有2,00000人口。”[ 1 ]从有化学过程参与这一性质来说这是一个污染行业,为周边社区的人所讨厌。

The Environmental Law And Policy Law Essay
 
The Shriram Gas leak case was a very significant case in the field of environmental activism, as it pitted the Supreme Court, the representative of the people, against one of the biggest and most wealthy industrial establishments of India, Shri Ram Food and Fertilizers. Coming just one year after the Bhopal Disaster, the largest industrial disaster of all times, it also sought to address and rectify the miscarriage of justice of that time and reinstate faith in the judiciary. The Shriram gas leak case was also unique of its kind as it was the first time when an industry was solely held responsible for an accident and forced to pay compensation regardless of what arguments it made in its defence. It is also worthy of noting that the findings for the verdict was made not only on a legal basis but also a scientific one and doing so the Supreme Court preformed an extra judiciary role. The verdict was also decided, taking into account the need for industrialisation and the fact that accidents are an unavoidable consequence of it. Overall it was a fair decision, taking into account all the social, economical and legal factors and established the Supreme Court as the protector of the environment and the rights of the public.

背景-Background

Shriram Food and Fertilizers, a subsidiary of Delhi Cloth Mill Limited was a privately owned company manufacturing caustic chlorine and oleum. 'All units were set up in a single complex situated in approximately 76 acres and they are surrounded by thickly populated colonies such as Punjabi Bagh, West Patel Nagar, Karampura, Ashok Vihar, Tri Nagar and Shastri Nagar and within a radius of 3 kilometres from this complex there is population of approximately 2, 00,000.' [1] This by nature of the chemical processes involved was a polluting industry and was creating a nuisance for the surrounding community of people. To address this issue a public interest litigation (No. 12,739, 1985) was filed by environmentalist and lawyer, M.C. Mehta, requesting the Supreme Court for the immediate closure and relocation of the industrial complex.

On the 4th of December 1985, one month after the petition was filed and a day after the first anniversary of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the worst industrial mishap in the history of mankind, Oleum had leaked from the complex into the surrounding community resulting in one fatality and many injuries.

Since the tragedy at Bhopal was fresh in the Public's mind, there was a very strong outcry over this incident and resulted in drastic steps by the administration. The Inspector of Factories and the Assistant Commissioner 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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