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Management essay:韩国电子产业

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2016-07-18编辑:cinq点击率:1745

论文字数:4000论文编号:org201607181614483250语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文


摘要:本文是留学生Management essay范文,主要内容是以韩国电子产业作为研究对象,研究整个韩国电子产业的发展状况,总结出相应的国际商务管理经验。

The Electronics Industry Of South Korea 


In 1989 South Korea was a major producer of electronics, producing colour televisions, videocassette recorders, microwave ovens, radios, watches, personal computers, and videotapes. In 1988 the electronics industry produced US$23 billion worth of goods (up 35 percent from 1987), to become the world's sixth largest manufacturer. The total value of parts and components (including semiconductors) produced in 1988 totalled US$9.7 billion, overtaking consumer electronics production (US$9.2 billion) for the first time. Manufacture of industrial electronics also grew significantly in 1988 and totalled US$4.6 billion (20 percent of total production). Electronics exports grew rapidly in the late 1980s to more than US$15 billion in 1988, up 40 percent from 1987--to become Seoul's leading export industry. Although South Korean electronic goods enjoyed substantial price competitiveness over Japanese products, the electronics industry continued to be heavily dependent on Japanese components, an important factor in South Korea's chronic trade deficit with Japan. Some South Korean firms formed joint ventures with foreign concerns to acquire advanced technology. In the late 1980s, South Korea's leading electronics firms (Samsung, Lucky-Gold star, and Hyundai) began establishing overseas plants in such markets as the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Britain, Turkey, and Ireland.

By 1990 significant shifts were occurring within the electronics industry. In 1989 South Korea had lost some of its cost advantage to newer consumer electronics producers in Southeast Asia. At the same time, production of electronic components and of industrial electronics, particularly computers and telecommunications equipment, continued to expand to such an extent that overall demand for South Korean electronics products was expected to increase modestly in the early 1990s. In 1990 Seoul projected that the microelectronics industry would grow at an annual rate of 17.2 percent in the early 1990s.

First into the field were three American companies- Motorola, Signetics and Fairchild. That small beginning soon became a flood, with the Japanese leading the way. Today there are 168 Japanese electronics companies operating in Korea through 139 joint ventures and 29 wholly Japanese. The United States comes a poor second with 27, of which 14 are wholly owned. However, the American operations tend to be larger. In addition, there is a Dutch, a West German and three Hong Kong companies.

As an indication of the extent to which foreign capital has poured into Korean electronics the Ministry of Commerce and industry reported earlier this year that of the $724M invested by foreign enterprises in Korean domestic industry up to December 1974 no less than 17% went into the electronics sector.

With a growth rate of nearly 60% annually for the past six years-and the bulk of production going direct to hard currency oversea论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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