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澳门经济学论文案例分析:欧洲经济的绝望

论文作者:meisishow论文属性:案例分析 Case Study登出时间:2014-09-17编辑:meisishow点击率:4957

论文字数:3365论文编号:org201409161232276527语种:英语论文 English地区:澳门价格:免费论文

关键词:欧洲经济欧元欧洲银行Europe’s economyeuro案例分析

摘要:本文是一篇经济学的案例分析,是以欧洲经济做为背景。如果德国、法国和意大利无法找到方法重振欧洲经济,欧元可能在劫难逃了,相信大家在读过此文件之后会对此有所了解。

澳门大学案例分析作业

就在几个月前,欧元区的领导人相信,经历风暴对于他们来说还是公平的。马里奥•德拉吉(Mario Draghi)欧洲中央银行行长对外承诺,要做“尽一切努力”支持的货币,并有信心重新回大陆。陷入困境的欧元区外围国家经注济复苏,要痛苦的面对削减预算赤字并且要学会制定提高竞争力的措施。失业,尤其是年轻人,这个比率还是拼命地高,但目前在大多数国家是在下降。债券利差大幅收窄,随着金融市场停止押注欧元将面临崩溃。


这是一个错觉。最近几周,欧元区的大船再次开始进水。他们的GDP总值在第二季度停滞不前:意大利经济完全衰退,法国GDP持平,甚至强大的德国受到意外的遇到产出下降(见文章)。第三季度看起来非常不健康,部分原因是欧元区遭受额外的阻力,这主要是来自西方对俄罗斯的制裁。与此同时,通货膨胀已经下降到危险的水平,这个比率约为0.4%,远低于欧洲央行,并且接近2%的目标,关于欧元区会整个陷入一个经济通缩的局面。德国的债券收益率徘徊在1%以下,是价格下跌的另一个预兆。欧元区(或波动)与美国和英国持续增长形成鲜明对比。

JUST a few months ago the euro zone’s leaders believed that, having weathered the storm, they were set fair at last. Buoyed by the promise of Mario Draghi, the president of the European Central Bank, to do “whatever it takes” to support the currency, confidence had seeped back into the continent. Growth seemed to be returning, albeit at a slow pace. Troubled peripheral countries were recovering, after bail-outs and painful measures to cut budget deficits and improve competitiveness. Unemployment, especially among the young, was still desperately high, but at least in most countries it was falling. And bond spreads had narrowed sharply, as financial markets stopped betting that the euro would fall apart.


It was an illusion. In recent weeks the countries of the euro zone have begun to take in water once again. Their collective GDP stagnated in the second quarter: Italy fell back into outright recession, French GDP was flat and even mighty Germany saw an unexpectedly large fall in output (see article). The third quarter looks pretty unhealthy, partly because the euro zone will suffer an extra drag from Western sanctions on Russia. Meanwhile, inflation has fallen perilously low, to around 0.4%, far below the near-2% target of the European Central Bank, raising fears that the zone as a whole could fall prey to entrenched deflation. German bond yields are hovering below 1%, another harbinger of falling prices. The euro zone stands (or wobbles) in stark contrast with America and Britain, whose economies are enjoying sustained growth.


What started more than four years ago as a banking and sovereign-debt crisis has decayed into a growth crisis that is now enveloping the three biggest economies. Germany is teetering on the edge of recession. France is mired in stagnation. Italy’s GDP is barely above its level when the single currency came in 15 years ago. Since these three countries account for two-thirds of euro-zone GDP, growth in places like Spain and the Netherlands cannot make up for their torpor.


The underlying causes of Europe’s new ills are three very familiar and interrelated problems. First, there is a shortage of political leaders with the courage and conviction to push through structural reforms to improve competitiveness and, eventually, reignite growth: the big countries have wasted the two years bought by Mr Draghi’s “whatever it takes” commitment. Second, public opinion is not convinced of the urgent need for deep and radical changes. And third, despite Mr Draghi’s efforts, the monetary and fiscal framework is too tight, throttling growth—which makes structural reforms harder.


Different manifestations of these problems can be seen across the euro zone. But the country that most dramatically epitomises all three is France. This week its embattled S论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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