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外部环境因素经济学作业

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2016-01-15编辑:chenyuting点击率:2307

论文字数:880论文编号:org201601131720356698语种:英语论文 English地区:马来西亚价格:免费论文

关键词:Royal Dutch Shell Company Plc外部环境因素

摘要:本文通过分析马来西亚的荷兰皇家壳牌公司来对经济的外部环境因素进行阐述。文章分为五大块:政治因素,经济因素,社会因素,科技因素和生态因素。

外部环境因素

首先,政治因素政府是如何以及在何种程度的干预经济。它主要包括政府立法来迫使企业遵守规定。例如,税收政策,关税,劳动法,贸易限制,环境法和政治稳定。有几个政治因素,可以影响荷兰皇家壳牌公司,它以名字中的壳牌著称。第一个政治因素是政治稳定。马来西亚实行议会民主和君主立宪。它是一个政治高度稳定的国家。

这有很大的影响,因为许多外国投资者因为政治稳定而想要投资壳牌。第二点政治因素是税收政策、贸易和关税控制。马来西亚政府在2010年出台了新的税收和投资优惠政策,以促进石油和天然气的勘探。这一政策会影响壳牌,因为壳牌只需要支付少量的税收,从而降低了壳牌的成本。最后一个因素是政府对壳牌石油的政策。马来西亚政府向所有在石油和能源工业领域的公司提供补贴。因此,壳牌可以降低其经营成本。

The External Environment Factor Economics Essay

Firstly, political factor refers to how and to what degree a government intervenes in the economy. It mostly includes government legislation that forcing businesses to comply. For example, tax policy, tariffs, labor law, trade restrictions, environmental law and political stability. There are several political factors that can affect Royal Dutch Shell Company Plc, which is also known with the name of Shell. The first political factor is political stability. Malaysia practises Parliamentary Democracy with a constitutional monarch. Malaysia is a country with high political stability. This has a great impact on Shell as many foreign investors are willing to invest in Shell because of the political stability. The second political factor is tax policy and trade and tariffs control. Malaysia government has introduced new tax and investment incentives in year 2010 in order to promote oil and natural gas exploration. This policy can affect Shell because Shell only need to pay a lesser amount of tax to government and thus reduce the cost of Shell. The last factor is the policies of government on Shell oil. Malaysia government offered subsidies to all companies in the field of petroleum and energy industry. As a result, Shell can reduce its operating cost.

Secondly, economical factor refer to economic growth, interest rate, exchange rate, unemployment rate and inflation rate that can affect the performance of the organization. The first economical factor that can influence Shell is economic growth of Malaysia. According Malaysia Markets leader Azwan Baharuddin (2013, Feb 16), Malaysia has performed well in 2012, with Ernst & Young envisaging full-year growth of 5.1%, up from 4.5% initially forecasted. This causes an increase in investment and consumer spending. Therefore, the revenue of Shell will increase as well. The second economical factor is inflation rate. According to Department of Statistic Malaysia (2013), the inflation rate in Malaysia was at 1.30 percent in December of 2012. Low inflation rate allow Shell better able to make long range plans because Shell knows that the money is not losing its purchasing power year after year. The last economical factor is unemployment rate and labor supply. According to Department of Statistic Malaysia (2013), the unemployment rate in Malaysia has decreased from 3.20 percent in October of 2012 to 2.90 percent in November of 2012. The decrease in unemployment rate means the economy of Malaysia is doing well because there is demand for labor. However, in times of low unemployment, workers have more power to demand higher wages because they know they cannot be easily replaced. This is not good for Shell as it may need to increase the wages of its workers in order to retain them.

Thirdly, social factor refers to demographic and culture aspects of the external environments which include beliefs and values, attitudes and opinions, and lifestyle. These factors can affect customer needs as well as the size of potential market. The fi论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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