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行为科学中对建筑与态度的学术探讨

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2014-12-08编辑:Cinderella点击率:3700

论文字数:2953论文编号:org201411152001262887语种:英语论文 English地区:加拿大价格:免费论文

关键词:behavior sciencesbuilt environment行为科学建成环境

摘要:在建筑学和环境心理学当中,建成环境是指为包括大型城市环境在内的人类活动而提供的人造环境。本文作者认为“环境”不仅仅是建筑物和风景地貌,更是涉及物理、社会、心理学各个维度的宽泛概念。社会态度与建成环境之间存在着相互作用,学术研究需要去更多的理解关注行为科学与建筑问题二者。

当前有很多可用于研究行为科学和建筑学理论的资源。大多数研究都集中于建成环境所带来的设计、美学、社会互动以及社会组织。当提到“建成环境”这一概念的时候,我主要是指的建筑物与风景地貌。至于“环境”这个单独的概念,我认为是一个更加宽泛的概念,它涉及到了我们周边环境的物理的、社会的以及心理学各个维度。令人惊奇的是,学者们对有关建成环境的再利用如何影响社会态度的问题探讨的却少之又少,这个问题与行为科学中一个分支——社会心理学紧密相关。态度学是社会心理学研究中的重要研究领域;这里研究的态度通常是针对现有的事物(比如议题,人和结构)。建筑物研究领域与社会心理学密切相关。建筑家和其他专业人员一定要理解下面这些问题的重要性:设施的再利用如何对人们态度的变化发展产生强大的影响,而态度又是如何随着与建成环境的互动来改变的。去理解社会态度对于正在投资或者使用某一项目工程的企业实体的影响同样重要。当前学术研究往往集中在设计或设计过程的互动,而对行为科学跟建筑问题的探讨却少有建树。

 

There are a variety of resources available to learn about behavior Sciences and architectural theories. Many of the studies focus on reaction to design, aesthetics, social interaction and social organization as a result of the built environment. When referring to the built environment I am generally speaking about buildings and landscapes. With reference to the term ‘environment’ alone, I am referring to a much broader context, one that involves the physical, social and psychological dimensions of our surrounding. Surprisingly, there is little investigation on how the reuse of the built environment can influence social attitude, a topic associated with the study of social psychology a part of behavioral sciences. Attitude is a major research area within social psychology; attitudes are usually directed toward existing objects (e.g., issues, people, and structures). The field of architecture closely relates to social psychology. It is important for architects and other professionals to understand how reuse of a facility may have a strong presence in the development of human attitude, and how attitudes change with interaction of the built environment. It is equally important to understand the affect of social attitude on the business entity, which is funding or using the project. The current studies of behavior sciences and architecture provide little insight to this topic but instead focus on the interactions to design or the design process.

 

Attitude change caused by adaptive reuse may have many outcomes. The reuse of industrial buildings may have an impact on the perception of the auto industry, the community in which it exists and a deeper impact on the ‘environment’. Detroit, Michigan is an area rich with historical data on the rise and fall of industrialism in urban areas with an emphasis on the auto industry. Historical research is important to understand the social impact of industrial buildings that have been abandoned. It is my belief that many of the industrial buildings the auto industry abandoned can be adapted for new use as research and design facilities, educational centers with tourism or training facilities that retool workers with new sustainable technology driving the future. My questions on the social impact of adaptive reuse require a deeper understanding of the architecture, environment and sciences. Can the practice of sustainable, adaptive reuse of industrial building potentially alter the social and organizational complexity of a company then the outcomes should be known so that they are more openly embraced by corporations, governments and private owners as a more favorable means of architecture. An important aspect to consider is whether there is a correlation between historical preservation and a generalized perception of a brand image in peo论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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