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美国留学生dissertation范文:对国内杭永高速铁路和宁波产业的结构概念分析

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 dissertation登出时间:2017-09-27编辑:anne点击率:1011

论文字数:10495论文编号:org201709121430118549语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:美国dissertation杭永高速铁路宁波产业结构Hang Yong High-Speed Railway’s

摘要:相信不久的将来,杭州宁波高速铁路将成为推动宁波城市产业结构发展的主要动力,本文介绍了国内近期铁路的发展情况和未来的展望。

1. Introduction 介绍


高速铁路(高铁)在中国的概念就是以商业列车服务为准,并且平均速度在200公里/小时(124英里每小时)或更高的收费列车。通过这一措施,中国有了世界上最长的高铁网络,截至2013年12月在超过11028公里(6852英里)都有系统跟踪服务,也包括世界上最长的线路,全长2298公里(1428英里)北京–广州高速铁路路程段。
High-speed rail (HSR) in China may refer to any commercial train service in China with an average speed of 200 km/h (124 mph) or higher. By that measure, China has the world's longest HSR network with over 11,028 km (6,852 mi) of track in service as of December 2013,including the world's longest line, the 2,298 km (1,428 mi) Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway.
于2007年4月18日中国高铁服务到现在,日均乘客量从2007年的23.7万辆增长到2012年的133万班次,使中国高铁成为世界上使用最多的铁路网。中国的高速铁路网是世界上第一个高速商业悬浮线(maglev)线路。几乎所有的高速铁路和机车车辆由中国铁路公司国家铁路运营商拥有和经营。上海磁悬浮列车由上海市政府负责运营。Since high-speed rail service in China was introduced on April 18, 2007, daily ridership has grown from 237,000 in 2007to 1.33 million in 2012,making the Chinese high-speed rail network the most heavily used in the world. China's high-speed rail network consists of upgraded conventional railways, newly built high-speed passenger dedicatedsignated lines (PDLs), and the world's first high-speed commercial magnetic levitation (maglev) line. Nearly all high-speed rail lines and rolling stock are owned and operated by the China Railway Corporation, the national railway operator formerly known as the Railway Ministry. The Shanghai Maglev Train is owned and operated by Shanghai's city government.
在过去的十年来,中国经历了一个从中国政府经济刺激计划资金丰厚的高铁建设热潮。该网络正在迅速扩大,预计将在2015年底达到18000公里(11000英里),包括6700公里(4200英里)的轨道,能够容纳300至350公里/小时(190 - 220英里)的列车速度和11300公里(7000英里)的列车速度为200 - 250公里/小时(120 - 160英里每小时)。中国铁路部长刘志军因为贪污腐败和温州附近造成致命的高速铁路事故,就此2011年高速铁路扩张步伐放缓,但此后反弹。关于高铁安全问题,高票价,低流量,高铁项目的财务可持续性和环境的影响,从中国新闻界都倍受关注。Over the past decade, the country has undergone an HSR building boom with generous funding from the Chinese government's economic stimulus program. The network is rapidly expanding and is expected to reach 18,000 km (11,000 mi) by the end of 2015, including 6,700 km (4,200 mi) of track capable of accommodating train speeds of 300–350 km/h (190–220 mph) and 11,300 km (7,000 mi) of track for train speeds of 200–250 km/h (120–160 mph). The pace of high-speed rail expansion slowed for a period in 2011 after the removal of Chinese Railways Minister Liu Zhijun for corruption and a fatal high-speed railway accident near Wenzhou, but has since rebounded. Concerns about HSR safety, high ticket prices, low ridership, financial sustainability of high-speed rail projects and environmental impact have drawn greater scrutiny from the Chinese press.
China's early high-speed trains were imported or built under technology transfer agreements with foreign train-makersincluding Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier and Kawasaki Heavy Industries. Chinese engineers then re-designed internal train components and built indigenous trains that can reach operational speeds of up to 380 km/h (240 mph)
The economic and social development in Ningbo, China has entered a new stage. According to Ningbo Statistic Bureau, the annual per capital gross national product in Ningbo in 2013 has reaches ¥93,176 RMB ($15,046 US dollars). Industrial structure issue of cities is the core theoretical problem of studying urban economy. Reasonable industrial structure is the prerequisite for the healthy development of the urban economy. Industrial structure issue not only is advantageous to fully explore the urban resources, give full play to city’s advantages, 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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