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两大法系对公司法人人格否认制度的规定

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2013-09-17编辑:yangcheng点击率:2891

论文字数:1555论文编号:org201309122334021102语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:公司法人人格否认公司法

摘要:世界经济发展的同时,各项法律制度也在同时进步和完善。同样公司人格否认制度是其中一项重要的法律规则。它在股东滥用公司独立人格和有限责任的违法行为的有效规制和防范上起到了不可代替的作用。本课题是在讨论公司人格否认制度的发展历史的基础上,结合国内的立法状况和国外的立法经验,探讨了关于在实际生活中运用的公司人格否认制度的适用。

世界上最早成立的公司是英国的东印度公司,虽然历史上是臭名昭著,但是公司作为一种经济形式,已经成为现代社会经济的发展顶梁支柱,而公司法人独立和股东有限责任的形式有利于分散投资风险,募集资金,成为人们热衷投资的一项吸引力所在。任何一种改变都不能使一个人的境况变好而又不使另一个人的境况变坏。在实际生活中,这一制度也会成为双刃剑,导致被滥用,被扭曲,因此,需要法律对其进行规制,法人人格否认制度就是专门为了规避这样的一种漏洞而存在的。

The world's oldest established company is a British East India Company , although historically notorious , but the company as an economic form , has become a modern social and economic development pillar roof beams , and corporate independence and limited liability of shareholders in the form of a conducive to spread investment risk , raise funds , become enthusiastic about investment attractiveness of a location . Any kind of change does not make a person better off without making another person worse off . In real life , this system will become a double-edged sword , leading to abuse , has been distorted , and therefore need to regulate it the law , legal personality denial system is specifically designed to circumvent such a loophole exists. [ 1 ]


公司的独立人格和股东的有限责任是现代公司制度的核心和基石,创立公司法人制度有利于里投资,为经济发展提供资金动力。股东投入资金利用公司的形式进行自主经营和管理,以追求经济利益的最大化;同时,公司的人格独立和股东有限责任制度又使股东所承受的风险降低,避免出现得不偿失的情形。公司的存在是保护股东利益为主要目的的,有时股东会为了获取利益而损害债权人和社会的利益,做出滥用公司独立人格的行为。法律绝不允许任何人把自己的既得利益建立在损害他人合法权益的基础之上。无论是大陆法系还是英美法系都在寻求完善公司法人制度的道路和途径。

Company's independent personality and limited liability shareholders are the core of the modern corporate system and the cornerstone , founded the company in the corporate system is conducive to investment funds for economic development momentum. Shareholders invested in the form of self- use of company operations and management , in order to pursue the maximization of economic benefits ; Meanwhile, the company 's independent personality and limited liability of shareholders and the shareholders of the system reduce the risk of exposure to avoid more harm than good situation. The company's existence is the primary purpose of protecting the interests of shareholders , and sometimes in order to obtain the benefit of the shareholders and creditors harm the interests of society , independent personality make misuse of company behavior . The law will not allow anyone to build their own vested interests at the expense of others' legal rights and interests basis. Whether civil law or common law are seeking to improve the corporate system of roads and pathways .

In this specific case, the shareholders have constituted an abuse of corporate personality behavior , in which case the law may be denied that the company independent personality , behavior controlled companies hold back the responsibility of the shareholders . Disregard of Corporate Personality bred , Corporate Personality Denial System (disregard of corporate personality), also known as " piercing the corporate veil " (lifting the veil of the corporation) or "piercing the corporate veil " (piercing the corporation's veil ) , refers to the recognition of an independent corporate personality logical premise, in particular legal relationship denied legal personality in order to prevent abuse of legal personality independent shareholders of the Company and the limited liability company , implementing harm the interests of creditors and creditor interests, thereby safeguard social fairness and justice established by a legal measure. [ 2 ] This is a first legal measures adopted by the American jurisprudence , through independent corporate personality and limited liability shareholders , the论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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