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消费者知情权的法律保障及其不足

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2013-09-17编辑:yangcheng点击率:1755

论文字数:1425论文编号:org201309131708088683语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:消费者知情权法律保障

摘要:消费者权利是一种具体的权利,而人权只是一个抽象的权利,用抽象的人权概念来说明具体的消费者权利的性质有待进一步考察。而且在中国现阶段将消费者权利上升为基本人权并不现实,除了形式上的宣示意义以外,并没有什么实质作用,就算将其归结至人权,它还具有成为其他法上权利的可能。

在我国,认为消费者知情权属于人权的主要有宪法学者和经济法学者。宪法学者的观点并不针对消费者知情权的性质,在此不做讨论。而经济法学者则主动地在消费者权利问题上引入了人权说,甚至将其作为包括消费者知情权在内的消费者权利的基础。

In our country, that consumers have the right to know the Constitution belong to the major human rights scholars and economic law scholar. Constitutional scholar's view is not aimed at the consumer 's right to know the nature of this will not be discussed . The economic law scholars active in consumer rights issues , said the introduction of human rights , including consumers and even as a consumer rights , including the right to know the foundation . This view has some significance , highlights the importance of the right of consumers to know or to emphasize the country's obligations and responsibilities , help to protect the consumer 's right to know . However , I believe that consumers' rights are a specific kind of right, but just an abstract human rights , with the abstract concept of human rights to illustrate the specific nature of the right of consumers to be further investigated . And consumers' rights in China at this stage will not rise as a basic human reality , in addition to the formal declaration of meaning beyond , and nothing substantive role , even if it comes down to human rights , it has become possible other rights law .


此外,还有少数学者提出了其他观点。如有的学者认为消费者权利具有两重性:一是民法权利,消费者有权维护自己作为消费者个体的私权益;二是经济法权利,消费者也有权作为消费者群体的代表,维护消费者的公权益[2]。还有学者在分析了消费者权利的特征后,对包括消费者知情权在内的消费者权利的性质作了否定的回答,在此就不做详细阐述了。

In addition, there are a few scholars have proposed other points of view . If scholars believe that the rights of consumers has a dual nature : First, civil rights , consumers have the right to protect their private interests of individuals as consumers ; Second Law rights , consumers are entitled to as a consumer group representatives , protect consumer public interest [ 2 ] . Another scholar in the analysis of the characteristics of the consumers 'rights , the right of consumers , including consumers' rights , including the right to know the nature replied in the negative , this is not explained in detail .


由于交易信息不对称的这一现实状况,使得商品交易实质上是不平等的“自由契约”,这使得学术界和立法者更倾向于保护处于弱者地位的消费者,因此《消法》强调的是实质正义,是一种倾斜立法。消费者知情权已经超越了民事权利的范畴,将其再定位于民事权利哪怕是现代的民事权利已不能充分解释消费者知情权,也不利于加强对消费者的保护。

Because this transaction information asymmetry reality , making commodity trading is essentially unequal "free contract" , which makes academics and legislators are more inclined to protect consumers in the weak position , so " Consumer Law" emphasizes is substantive justice is an oblique legislation. Consumers' right to know has gone beyond the scope of civil rights , their civil rights again even if it is located in the modern civil rights has been unable to fully explain consumer 's right to know , is not conducive to strengthen consumer protection. The author 's conclusion is : the consumer 's right to know the nature of the multi-dimensional : first, consumers' right first began in earnest in the Civil Code , on consumers and operators in terms of a specific legal relationship , the consumer 's right to know is a way to obtain relief for civil rights ; Second, consumers can ultimately be attributed to the human right to be informed of the right to life ; Finally, on the consumer 's right to know the nature of the problem should be out , " said civil rights " and " human rights say" framework, from the perspective of economic law re-ex论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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