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分析英汉翻译中的隐喻概念和当地文化的相似与差异

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2012-12-24编辑:hynh1021点击率:4135

论文字数:26900论文编号:org201212241201412882语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英汉对比时间隐喻文化与思维

摘要:时间是无形的抽象的概念。认知语言学认为,预计通过时间的概念空间的概念。空间的隐喻,隐喻表征的时间和空间,主要是基于两个面向未来的动态的比喻:中移动的移动比喻比喻和观察员的时间。

  传统的英式时间隐喻空间隐喻,实体隐喻和结构隐喻的分类为基础的分析框架,从修辞的角度看是不合理的,不科学的,本文提出了一个新的分析框架,“空间隐喻”的时候,“拟人化的比喻,”隐喻“,“事件隐喻”,“抽象的隐喻”,“的颜色隐喻和典故比喻七个方面的时间隐喻在英语和汉语的概念和特征的比较分析。


      Chapter OneIntroduction引言


  
  时间是看不见,摸不着的东西,但空间,我们可以通过视觉感知的东西。本研究进行了对比分析英语和汉语时间隐喻的言论从一个新的角度,从生活经验中提取七个方面的框架:“时空隐喻,个性化的时间隐喻”,“物化时间隐喻”,“活动时间隐喻“,”抽象的时间隐喻“,”彩色时间隐喻“和”典故时间隐喻“,提出了新颖的认知时间,探讨深源在文化和思想的语言现象。Time is something invisible and intangible, but space is something that we canperceive through vision. The present study carries out the contrastive analysis ofEnglish and Chinese temporal metaphors from a new perspective of rhetoric,http://www.51lunwen.org/culture/ in theframework with seven aspects extracted from life experience: ‘spatial temporalmetaphors,‘personalized temporal metaphors', 'materialized temporal metaphors',‘event temporal metaphors', 'Abstracted temporal metaphors', 'colorized temporalmetaphors' and ‘allusion temporal metaphors', puts forward novel cognition to time andexplores the deep source of the language phenomena in cultures and thoughts.


  1.1 Research Objectives研究目标
  In the history of human development, concrete concept and object learning anddescribing are always earlier than those of the abstract one. Therefore, it isacknowledged that spatial scope is the existential foundation of temporal scope. Lakoffand Johnson (1980) put forward two well-known and classical metaphor types; "timemoving metaphor" and “ego moving metaphor,,,with the observer as the referencepoint. The difference of these two types lies on the steadiness and motion of theobserver. However, this metaphor cognition cannot cover and explain all the linguisticphenomena in English and Chinese,especially a great many examples in Chinese.Besides, studies at the spatial vertical level are coarse and simple. Moreover,none ofthe existed researches have given a deep and thorough analysis of the similarities anddifferences of English and Chinese temporal metaphors at the cultural and deep into thethinking level as language cannot generate and develop without culture and thought.Most importantly, the analytic frames in the existent researches are not scientific andexhaustive enough to give out an all-around scientific analysis. In the light of the abovesituations, this research is carried out to achieve the following four objectives.(1) To offer criticism to the traditional cognition to the English and Chinesetemporal metaphors and put forward new temporal concepts in order to improve thecross-cultural communication.(2) To give out more reasonable and detailed analysis with different angles of theview on the cognition to the spatial horizontal and vertical temporal metaphors.(3) To explore the cultural source of the similarities and differences in English andChinese temporal metaphor concepts and representations with a more comprehensiveand penetrating study.(4) To search for cultural implications and epochal enlightenments from thetemporal concepts in the two nations in light of their temporal metaphor concepts andlearn from the Western cultural advantages, as well as to learn temporal concepts inintercultural contexts to boost a successfol communication.


  
  1.2 Research Significance研究意义
  With the study of temporal metaphor concepts and representations more deeplyand more rationally, a research in this regard is of much significance theoretically andpr论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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