科学方法包括系统的观察，测量和实验，以及假设的制定，测试和修改，这些假设可以引起日常生活中的许多变化，特别是在经济，政治，文化和生活方式方面。 本文将引用一些事实来了解科学方法如何在欧洲产生重大影响。 最后，我们将得出结论，新的科学方法在欧洲的发展中具有重要作用。
The scientific method consists of systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses, which can cause a lot of changes in daily life, especially in the economic, politics, culture and the style of life. This essay will cite some facts to know how the scientific method have a great influence in Europe. Finally, it will conclude the conclusion that the new scientific method has an important role in the development of Europe.
2.1The rapid economic development经济快速发展
During this time, Europe play an important role in the world, especially with the aid of the new scientific method. People make use of it to reduce the time and improve the production efficiency.For example,the industrial revolution, people do not satisfy the manual production low efficiency, how starts to try to find solution to enhance the production efficiency.For example,“manufacturers proved eager to introduce steam-driven machinery to increase output and gradually established factories to house the new machines and concentrate the labor of their workers. The agricultural revolution of the eighteenth century had enabled England to produce food more efficiently,freeing some agricultural workers to move to the new sites of manufacturing. ”(Lynn,655)It is a beneficial result to Europe to set up the global market.When the European and American countries want to promote the exchange of goods and large-scale engaged in transportation construction, to expand overseas colonial plunder and market, the global transportation network has began formed .So, the new machines as one of the products of the new method play an important role.
Based on the development of economy, there are a great many person left their land and streamed into the city.“Industrial development spurred urban growth, yet even cities with little industry grew as well.”(Lynn,661)and “the introduction of steam-driven machinery, large factories, and a new working class transformed life in the Western world. Peasants and workers streamed into the cities. The population of London grew by 130,000 people in the 1830s alone.”(Lynn,653)Especially the women, they left the family and go to work.Following these dates, it is obvious that the new scientific method boost the economic development actually.
2.2The improvement of the political system政治制度的完善
With the development of the new scientific method, the social strength has a obvious change.The new scientific method accelerated establishment of European political system,such as the democratic system and the law conscience.The effort of the new scientific method not only have a profound influence in the economy, but also reflected in politics. With the development of the economy, the authority needed modify their management and study the new political system to cater to the rapid economic development. So, democratic mechanism arises. This system provides a scientific, reasonable management system, which is a great progress in the human history.
In Western Europe, it has hidden all the elements of modern democratic system definitely. In the Germanic tribes, the people congress is the highest organ of state power. It has the right to decide war, peace, contracting and other tribes in the most important issue. People come to the meeting to strike weapon sounds to support their consent to scream and yell proposal, to express their opposition.