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英国牛津大学本科课程essay范文:工业革命被称为“欧洲历史上最伟大的革命”这是真的吗?

论文编号:lw201606021626125208 所属栏目:essay写作 发布日期:2018年09月14日 论文作者:无忧论文网

1.0Introduction介绍

科学方法包括系统的观察,测量和实验,以及假设的制定,测试和修改,这些假设可以引起日常生活中的许多变化,特别是在经济,政治,文化和生活方式方面。 本文将引用一些事实来了解科学方法如何在欧洲产生重大影响。 最后,我们将得出结论,新的科学方法在欧洲的发展中具有重要作用。

The scientific method consists of systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses, which can cause a lot of changes in daily life, especially in the economic, politics, culture and the style of life. This essay will cite some facts to know how the scientific method have a great influence in Europe. Finally, it will conclude the conclusion that the new scientific method has an important role in the development of Europe.

2.1The rapid economic development经济快速发展

新的科学方法通过提高生产效率促进了欧洲的经济发展。
在此期间,欧洲在世界上发挥着重要作用,特别是借助新的科学方法。人们利用它来缩短时间,提高生产效率。例如,工业革命,人们不满足手工生产效率低,如何开始尝试寻找解决方案以提高生产效率。例如,“制造商事实证明,他们渴望引进蒸汽驱动机械以增加产量,并逐步建立工厂以容纳新机器并集中劳动力。十八世纪的农业革命使英格兰能够更有效地生产粮食,使一些农业工人能够迁移到新的制造地点。 “(林恩,655)欧洲建立全球市场是一个有益的结果。当欧美国家想要促进货物交换和大规模从事交通建设,扩大海外殖民掠夺和市场时,全球运输网络已经开始形成。因此,新机器作为新方法的产品之一起着重要作用。

The new scientific method have promoted the economic development in Europe by enhancing the production efficiency.
During this time, Europe play an important role in the world, especially with the aid of the new scientific method. People make use of it to reduce the time and improve the production efficiency.For example,the industrial revolution, people do not satisfy the manual production low efficiency, how starts to try to find solution to enhance the production efficiency.For example,“manufacturers proved eager to introduce steam-driven machinery to increase output and gradually established factories to house the new machines and concentrate the labor of their workers. The agricultural revolution of the eighteenth century had enabled England to produce food more efficiently,freeing some agricultural workers to move to the new sites of manufacturing. ”(Lynn,655)It is a beneficial result to  Europe to set up the global market.When the European and American countries want to promote the exchange of goods and large-scale engaged in transportation construction, to expand overseas colonial plunder and market, the global transportation network has began formed .So, the new machines as one of the products of the new method play an important role.

Based on the development of economy, there are a great many person left their land and streamed into the city.“Industrial development spurred urban growth, yet even cities with little industry grew as well.”(Lynn,661)and “the introduction of steam-driven machinery, large factories, and a new working class transformed life in the Western world. Peasants and workers streamed into the cities. The population of London grew by 130,000 people in the 1830s alone.”(Lynn,653)Especially the women, they left the family and go to work.Following these dates, it is obvious that the new scientific method boost the economic development actually. 

2.2The improvement of the political system政治制度的完善

With the development of the new scientific method, the social strength has a obvious change.The new scientific method accelerated establishment of European political system,such as the democratic system and the law conscience.

The effort of the new scientific method not only have a profound influence in the economy, but also reflected in politics. With the development of the economy, the authority needed modify their management and study the new political system to cater to the rapid economic development. So, democratic mechanism arises. This system provides a scientific, reasonable management system, which is a great progress in the human history.
In Western Europe, it has hidden all the elements of modern democratic system definitely. In the Germanic tribes, the people congress is the highest organ of state power. It has the right to decide war, peace, contracting and other tribes in the most important issue. People come to the meeting to strike weapon sounds to support their consent to scream and yell proposal, to express their opposition.