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英国essay范文:工会在现代工作场所中的重要性

论文编号:lw201606260949034277 所属栏目:essay写作 发布日期:2018年08月29日 论文作者:无忧论文网
工会在现代工作场所中的重要性
Importance Of Trade Union In Modern Workplace 
我们经常在报纸上读到,一家工厂的工人在罢工或聚集在一起,想要一些共同的动机。这两组人都被称为工会。工会是一个组织或工厂的工人群体,提高他们的声音在一起,使他们的需求可以更好地表示在当局面前。他们有一个共同的目标或目标。

在这个时代,每个人都意识到工人的重要性,工会有一个非常重要的作用。原产于欧洲,工会在国家变得非常流行,在工业革命时期,当缺乏熟练工人的议价能力几乎完全转移就业的雇主,导致许多工人被虐待和剥削。工会组织可以由个别工人或专业人员组成。这些组织最普遍的目的是维持或改善他们的就业条件。在过去的300年里,工会已经发展成一系列的形式,受不同的政治目标的影响。

Often we read in newspapers, group of workers of a factory going on strike or coming together in want of some common motive. These groups of people are known as trade unions. Trade Unions are group of workers of an organization or a factory that raises their voice together so that their needs can better be represented in front of the authorities. They have a common goal or aim.

In this era, where everyone realizes the importance of workers, trade unions have a very important role to play. Originating in Europe, trade unions became very popular in countries during the Industrial Revolution, when the lack of skilled workers shifted employment bargaining power almost completely to the employers, causing many workers to be mistreated and underpaid. Trade union organizations may be composed of individual workers or professionals. The most common purpose of these organizations is to maintain or improve the conditions of their employment. Over the past 300 years, trade unions have developed into a number of forms, influenced by different political objectives. 
Trade Unions prove beneficial for workers, as the main aim of forming this group is to prevent the workers from being exploited by the senior officials. For example, if a worker is unhappy with the pay he is getting he can talk to his co-workers and collectively they can raise their voice to get the pay they deserve. Trade union is even helpful for the management of the firm, as they can know the needs of the worker which helps them know workers better and provide them an environment where they are able to work efficiently and help them to maintain good standards.
Decisions are taken through the collective bargaining process and negotiations between employer and unions. The relationship between trade union and employer is called as industrial relations.
In general terms, trade unions satisfy their needs through negotiations peacefully, but sometimes other tough actions need to be taken by the unions. These actions can be in the form of strikes, work to rule, go slow, picketing, overtime ban, etc. In Strikes, workers mutually decide not to come for work. In work to rule, workers tend to be overly critical; criticize on minor details. In Go Slow, workers work with slow pace so as to slower production speed. In picketing, workers demonstrate through slogans and banners. In overtime, the workers refuse to work and then the company is unable to meet the demand. All the employers try to avoid such situations, as such situations lead to loss and even closing down of the company.
In United Kingdom, in order to rescue employers from industrial acts and employees from being exploited, government has created ACAS. ACAS stands for Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service. When union and employers continue to dispute they can go to ACAS to resolve the matter. It is an independent body financed by government. It gives unbiased advises.
TYPE OF TRADE UNIONS:工会类型:
There are major four types of trade unions:
1). Crafts of Skill Unions: This union consists of all those workers possessing same type of skills.
2). Industrial Unions: This union represents workers of the same industry.
3). General Unions: This union is formed by collection of workers from different industries and having different skills.
4). White Collar Unions: This union represents all the office workers at higher posts.
STRUCTURE OF TRADE UNIONS:工会结构:
The structure refers to how the trade unions are organized. They can be organized on the basis of crafts union, industrial unions or general unions.
The other method to organize trade unions can be the way plant level, local level, regional le