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政治经济体制与自由贸易essay范文

论文编号:lw201608291830343925 所属栏目:essay写作 发布日期:2018年05月07日 论文作者:无忧论文网
自由贸易可以被定义为没有障碍的贸易商品和服务,以及价格自然地通过供求。自由贸易是我们这个时代建立的。它在过去的60年里被西方国家的政府和领导人推动,对所有人都是有益的,事实上,富人变得更富,穷人变得更穷了。自由贸易有几个特点,如贸易货物没有障碍,例如税收或关税,配额或补贴。在自由贸易中,没有更多的政策扭曲了贸易,给一家公司一个不公平的优势超过另一家公司。自由贸易也有一个自由进入交易市场和市场信息。此外,自由贸易也有一个自由流动的工人和工人的国家之间,也是一个自由运动的国会内部和国家之间的国家之间的自由贸易。在理论上,自由贸易被认为是一种方法来打破国家之间的壁垒,消除税收和允许价格自然是通过设置“供给与需求”和给予机会的贫穷国家专门生产商品是适合他们的环境,喜欢咖啡、可可豆等的能力销售这些商品的西方世界,能买回来的商品,他们也许没有在本国生产能力。在现实中,唯一真正能从自由贸易中获益的人是全球精英,控制着国际贸易,并试图控制整个世界。那些拥有丰富的自然资源的国家,如非洲和阿拉伯的钻石和石油的国家,实际上发展得比那些没有这种商品的国家的速度要慢得多。在现实中,这也意味着此前成功在西方世界的制造业已经无法在亚洲和其他地方付出的血汗工厂的工资水平竞争,并且在这些血汗工厂的工人必须不断降低价格以在世界市场上的竞争力。因此,行业和许多国家制造业下滑的市场上充斥着廉价的仿制品。

INTRODUCTION 简介


Free trade can be defined as the ability to trade goods and services without barriers, and for prices to rise naturally through supply and demand. Free trade is one of the single most emotive subjects of our times. It is pushed by governments and leaders of the western world over the last 60 years or so, to be beneficial to all, in fact, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. Free trade has a several features like the ability to trade goods without barriers, for example taxes or tariffs, quotas or subsidies. In free trade there have no more policies which distort the trade, giving one company an unfair advantage over another. Free trade also has a free access towards trading markets and market information. Besides, free trade also has a free movement of labor and workers within and between countries and also a free movement of capitol within and between countries. In theory, free trade was heralded as a way to break down the barriers between countries, banishing taxes and allowing prices to be naturally set through "supply and demand" and giving the opportunity for poorer countries to specialize in the production of goods which are appropriate to their environment likes coffee, cocoa beans and so on with the capacity to sell these goods to the western world and be able to buy back the goods which they maybe do not have the ability to produce in their home countries. In reality, the only people who really stand to benefit from free trade are the global elite, controlling international trade and seeking to control the entire world. Countries which were rich in natural resources like African and Arab nations with diamonds and oil, actually developed at a much slower rate than the nations who did not have such a commodity. In reality, it has also meant that previously profitable and successful manufacturing in the western world has been unable to compete with the sweatshop wages paid in Asia and other places, and that the workers in these sweatshops must consistently cut their prices in order to be competitive in the world market. So, industry and manufacturing declines in many countries as the markets are flooded with cheap imitations from exploited workers. It is human nature to shop in the cheapest stores and to buy the cheapest goods without a thought for the actual slave labor which was used to produce such goods. Trying to save a buck here and there is important, especially in these extremely difficult economic times when we are all just trying to survive, but it is important to spare a thought for the thousands of workers squatting in sweat shops around the world, and barely earning enough to eat or feed their families.
We all know that there is free trade in the world, not in all parts but certainly in some. Free trade has been around for quite some time. Every country at one time or another has engaged in trade. It is essential for a nation to not only survive but to prosper. But before it was called free trade it had another name, and that was mercantilism that began in Europe in the 1500s. Even in the inception of free trade there were those that had their doubts about it. The economists during that time that believed in it believed trade was the reason why civilizations prospered economically. Adam Smith though that trade was the reason for the flourishing and not just the Egypt and Greece but also China. The Netherland