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代写工程硕士论文范文展示:(工业工程硕士)回转式电火花展成加工控制技术的研究

论文编号:lw201205080900031331 所属栏目:工程硕士论文 发布日期:2018年01月15日 论文作者:无忧论文网

回转式电火花展成加工控制技术的研究
 
摘 要
回转式电火花展成加工是一种以双轴回转运动为特征的新型电火花加工技术,本文针对目前回转式电火花展成加工控制技术的水平较低、缺乏通用性等特点,开展了回转式电火花展成加工控制技术的研究,开发出了一种通用性能较强的回转式电火花展成加工控制系统。本课题的研究对提高回转式电火花展成加工的性能和丰富其控制理论都具有较大的现实意义。
本文首先根据回转式电火花展代写论文成加工的原理,对各回转轴的驱动方案进行了研究,并通过转速检测实验的验证,确定了选用步进电机作为各回转轴的驱动元件并采用细分驱动技术驱动;同时结合对实际加工中成形运动控制的分析,提出了采用3B代码编程,利用逐点比较法插补原理的成形运动控制技术。在此基础上,采用上位PC机加下位单片机控制模块的主从式两级控制结构,设计了回转式电火花展成加工的控制系统。
为了有效地实现对回转式电火花展成加工的伺服控制,通过对回转式电火花展成加工的伺服特点及伺服策略的研究,提出了采用时间累积法对放电间隙状态进行检测,并设计了放电间隙状态检测电路。代写论文在此基础上,采用控制周期总体间隙状况和局部短路的伺服控制策略,建立了基于模糊控制技术的回转式电火花展成加工伺服进给控制系统。
此外,为了使控制系统能有效地工作,采用模块化的设计方法,分别进行了上位PC机和下位机软件(即单片机控制程序)的设计;并按符合RS232标准的串行异步通讯,制定了上位PC机与下位机之间通讯的通讯协议。其中上位PC机软件采用Visual Basic 6.0设计,而下位机软件则代写论文采用汇编语言设计。
最后,采用本文研制的回转式电火花展成加工装置和控制系统,进行了控制系统的性能实验研究和典型零件的加工实验研究。研究结果表明,本文设计的控制系统能精确有效地实现对回转式电火花展成加工过程的控制,而且具有较强的通用性。


关键词:电火花加工,回转,展成加工,伺服控制,模糊控制
 
ABSTRACT
Revolving Electric Discharge Generating machining (REDGM) is a new-style technology of EDM, and it’s characteristic is revolving of double axes. Aiming at that actual control technology of REDGM is low-level and not all-purpose, the control technology of REDGM was studied and a universal control system of REDGM was developed in this dissertation, and this study would be of momentous current significance for raising performance and developing control theory of REDGM.
At first, basing on the machining principle of REDGM, driving project of axes was analyzed, and through detecting actual rotate speed, it was fixed on that stepping motor, which divided driving, was chosen as drivers to drive axes. Through analyzing control of the shaped movements in processing, the control technology of the shaped movements, which adopted point-by-point interpolation via 3B code, was introduced. And basing on these, the control-system, which included upper PC and base singlechip control-module, was designed.
In order to servo control REDGM validly, basing on the servo characteristic of REDGM and its servo method, the technique in which time was cumulated was used to detect gap discharge state, and the circuit of detecting break down was designed. And adopting the method in which including periodical detecting and local detecting of gap discharge state, the servo feed control-system based on fuzzy control technology was designed.
In addition, in order to have control system to working availably, upper PC control-software and base software (singlechip control-program) were designed with the concept of module. And according to RS232 serial communication, communication agreement between upper PC and base control-module was established. And also, the upper PC control-software and the base software were developed with Visual Basic 6.0 and assembly language respectively.
At last, using the homemade equipment of REDGM and control system that was http://www.51lunwen.org/dxgcsslw/2012/0508/lw201205080900031331.html designed in this dissertation, the experiments of control system and the machining experiment of typical part were carried out. The results show that the control system can control processing of REDGM availably, and the control system has better universal.


Keywords: EDM, Revolving, Generating machining, Servo control, Fuzzy control
 
目 录
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
第一章  绪  论 1
1.1  电火花加工技术的现状与发展趋势 1
1.2 回转式电火花展成加工的原理及其特点 2
1.2.1  回转式电火花展成加工的原理 2
1.2.2  回转式电火花展成加工的特点 2
1.3  国内外研究现状 3
1.3.1 回转式电火花展成加工的研究现状 3
1.3.2 回转式电火花展成加工控制技术的研究现状 6
1.4  本课题的来源、研究目的与意义、主要研究内容 8
1.4.1  课题来源 8
1.4.2 课题的研究目的与意义 8
1.4.3  课题研究的主要内容 8
第二章  成形运动控制及控制系统的结构设计 9
2.1 回转轴驱动方案的研究 9
2.2 成形运动控制技术的研究 12
2.3 控制系统的总体结构设计 14
2.3.1 功能分析 14
2.3.2 总体结构设计 15
2.3.3  下位控制模块的设计 16
2.3.4 步进电机及其驱动器的选型 17
2.4  本章小结 18
第三章 伺服进给控制技术的研究 19
3.1 回转式电火花展成加工的伺服控制过程及其伺服特点 19
3.2 回转式电火花展成加工间隙放电状态检测原理 21
3.3 放电状态检测电路的设计 23
3.4 基于模糊技术的回转式电火花展成加工伺服进给控制原理 25
3.4.1 回转式电火花展成加工的伺服运动 25
3.4.2 基于模糊技术的伺服控制结构 26
3.4.3 划分输入输出代写论文变量的模糊区间