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探讨房地产市场的历史增长和发展的留学作业代写

论文编号:lw201611281751431609 所属栏目:代写留学生作业 发布日期:2018年03月02日 论文作者:无忧论文网
一个国家房地产市场的增长是与该地区的基础设施发展紧密结合。经济稳定和经济的繁荣是由房地产开发商和潜在的投资者严格予以评估。在过去十年中 楼市和建设的贡献已在所有从 15%增加到 18.90%。城市发展,像卫生的基本准则又显示了几乎 4%的跌幅在过去十年从 58 至 54%在次大陆,该地作为阿联酋一贯在提供几乎 98 到 100%在整个世界银行 的研究。

The infra structure development rate of India was considerably less of up to 4.60% in 1998 after which the government opened its door to 100% FDI and saw a rapid transformation to 9%. Since then a considerable percentage of the GDP comes from the realty sector of up to 12% lately for India and UAE heavily dependent with 19% for the same [4] . According to the world bank records in India every rupee invested in the housing is converted into INR0.78 for the national GDP and directly employing 16% of the total work force. [5] 

The construction boom in the UAE, particularly in the emirate of Dubai, is one of the leading sectors of economic growth in the country (growing 10 percent in 2005), and is among the biggest and fastest growing construction markets in the world. The growth in construction has fuelled the growth of the UAE economy, contributing 8 percent to the country's overall GDP and 11 percent of the non-oil-related GDP in 2005 [6] . According to a study by the Dubai government, "Dubai construction sector['s] absolute contribution to the GDP is on an upswing, achieving an increase of 23 percent during the period 2000-2004, and an annual growth rate of 5 percent. The types of construction projects completed in 2004 included 1,436 villas, 393 commercial buildings, and 290 industrial, entertainment, and service buildings" [7] .

The government policies to improve the business and investment environment, along with the innovative ideas to establish specialized zones for different kinds of trading activities helped it to mark itself as 'hub' for many of the Multi-National Organisations. Some regions were developed into the Media city attracting big media tycoons like the BBC and CNN along with others like the Internet city giving way to the MNCs like the Oracle and Microsoft grabbing the opportunity to stay ahead of the market. Those developments ensured a leading role for the country and helped in attracting regional liquidity in the form of FDI.

The above table reveals the astonishing growth in the inward flow of FDI in the last decade for UAE when compared with India. The country's prospects and open door policy to investment and sound infra-structure have been the main reasons behind this. FDI contribution to the real estate sector will be helpful towards better organising the sector. Besides increasing professionalism in the sector, it will bring more advanced technology; create a healthy competitive market driven by innovation which is attractive to both inbound and outbound investors. Considering the sheer size and material resources backing both the countries the achievement of UAE has been remarkable.

In March 2006 the Dubai government issued Dubai Law No. 7 [9] , which legalises freehold ownership of land and property for UAE and GCC citizens while allowing the same rights to non-GCC expatriates in designated areas. The new law paved the way for expatriate homeowners to register their properties in their names with Dubai Lands and Properties Department. The law was followed by a number of new by-laws that identify the freehold areas in Dubai and determine the registration fees and procedures. Reform of the property law, which has been in the pipeline for some time, has encouraged development on an unprecedented scale in Dubai.

Dubai had a total residential stock of approximately 273,000 units, with an addition of 24,000 being completed in this year. As of the current scenario it is estimated that by the end of the decade 1 million sq. ft. office space generating 85,000 to 90,000 new jobs will be open irrespective of the massive delays and cancellations. Abu Dhabi on the other hand is investing on creating more residential space increasing it to 6.2million sq. ft of net leasable area, or A grade space. A decrease of 40-50% decrease in the