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乌克兰留学作业:情绪智力与创造性领导

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学期论文 termpaper登出时间:2016-02-22编辑:kittytwin点击率:3655

论文字数:2474论文编号:org201602191123441718语种:中文论文 Chinese地区:乌克兰价格:免费论文

关键词:Emotional Intelligence创造创新

摘要:本文讲述了创造和创新在保持企业活力和处于竞争优势中的重要作用,探讨了创造和创新的区别,如何在企业中营造创新文化,如何使用合理的领导激发员工的创新精神。并指出,情绪智力和创造性领导在提升员工能力中的重要性。

培养创造力兴盛的环境,强大的整体业务将出现。然而,管理者从他的员工中得到最佳创意的方法并不总是明确。Peiperl(2002,106)认为用创造力精神激发团队,将提高企业的整体性能。这篇研究试图找到在工作环境中促进员工创造力和创新力的管理和领导方式的共同元素。

创造和创新

在许多研究中,创造和创新往往交替使用,然而,两者之间有明显的差异。芒福德&古斯塔夫森(1988)认为,创造要产生新的有用的理念,创新要产生和采用这些有用的理念,并实现他们(坎特,1988;Van de Ven,1986)。在任何情况下,公司都需要在实现其目标方面取得成功。

鲁滨孙(2011)主张,为了保持竞争优势,创造和创新是产生产品和服务新想法所必需的。为了发展这些基本的属性,在人们接受教育和培训的时候,必须培养他们灵活和适应变化的能力。

In fostering environments where creativity thrive, stronger overall businesses will emerge. However, the way in which a manager of employees can get optimum creativity from his workforce is not always clear. According to Peiperl (2002, 106), creating teams of people inspired by the spirit of creativity will enhance overall performance within a business. This study intends to find the common elements of managerial/ Leadership styles that promote employee creativity and innovation in the work environment.

创造和创新——Creativity and Innovation


In many research studies, the terms creativity and innovation are often used interchangeably, however, there are noted differences between the two. Mumford & Gustafson (1988) contend that creativity has to do with the production of novel and useful ideas, and innovation has to do with the production or adoption of such useful ideas as well as its implementation (Kanter, 1988; Van de Ven, 1986). In any case, organizations need both to be successful in the achievement of its goals.

Robinson (2011) contends that in order to maintain a competitive edge, creativity and innovation are necessary to generate new ideas for products and services. To develop these essential attributes, flexibility and adaptability to change must be developed by people in their education and training.

Creative thinking refers to how people come up with solutions to existing problems (Amabile, 1996, 1998). It is the result of an individual's effort to mix and match existing, conventional ideas together to create new approaches to solving problems. Such thinking does not produce creativity merely from an individual's intellectual efforts, but creativity is an outcome of his accumulated creative thinking skills and expertise based on his past experiences (Amabile, 1998). However, even if an individual has enough appropriate creative thinking skills and expertise, a high level of creativity will not be reached if he or she lacks the motivation to mobilize efforts to use such capabilities (Jung, 2001).

A common phrase used referring to creativity is 'thinking outside the box'. Notar & Padgett (2010) commented that very successful people never appear to have a 'box' from which they ope rate. However, a box is something associated with something that confines one to a finite space. 'Thinking outside the box' then means not thinking in a finite space but opening the minds out to infinite space with endless possibilities. Bernacki (2002) enumerates some attributes related to 'thinking outside the box as having a willingness to take new perspectives to day-to-day work. It also entails openness to do different things and to do things differently. Creative individuals focus on the value of finding new ideas and acting on them. They strive to create value in new ways. Although they already have great ideas in mind, they still enjoy listening to others due to their perennial search for better ideas.

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