英语论文网

留学生硕士论文 英国论文 日语论文 澳洲论文 Turnitin剽窃检测 英语论文发表 留学中国 欧美文学特区 论文寄售中心 论文翻译中心

Bussiness ManagementMBAstrategyHuman ResourceMarketingHospitalityE-commerceInternational Tradingproject managementmedia managementLogisticsFinanceAccountingadvertisingLawBusiness LawEducationEconomicsBusiness Reportbusiness planresearch proposal

英语论文题目英语教学英语论文商务英语英语论文格式商务英语翻译广告英语商务英语商务英语教学英语翻译论文英美文学英语语言学文化交流中西方文化差异英语论文范文英语论文开题报告初中英语教学英语论文文献综述英语论文参考文献

ResumeRecommendation LetterMotivation LetterPSapplication letterMBA essayBusiness Letteradmission letter Offer letter

澳大利亚论文英国论文加拿大论文芬兰论文瑞典论文澳洲论文新西兰论文法国论文香港论文挪威论文美国论文泰国论文马来西亚论文台湾论文新加坡论文荷兰论文南非论文西班牙论文爱尔兰论文

小学英语教学初中英语教学英语语法高中英语教学大学英语教学听力口语英语阅读英语词汇学英语素质教育英语教育毕业英语教学法

英语论文开题报告英语毕业论文写作指导英语论文写作笔记handbook英语论文提纲英语论文参考文献英语论文文献综述Research Proposal代写留学论文代写留学作业代写Essay论文英语摘要英语论文任务书英语论文格式专业名词turnitin抄袭检查

temcet听力雅思考试托福考试GMATGRE职称英语理工卫生职称英语综合职称英语职称英语

经贸英语论文题目旅游英语论文题目大学英语论文题目中学英语论文题目小学英语论文题目英语文学论文题目英语教学论文题目英语语言学论文题目委婉语论文题目商务英语论文题目最新英语论文题目英语翻译论文题目英语跨文化论文题目

日本文学日本语言学商务日语日本历史日本经济怎样写日语论文日语论文写作格式日语教学日本社会文化日语开题报告日语论文选题

职称英语理工完形填空历年试题模拟试题补全短文概括大意词汇指导阅读理解例题习题卫生职称英语词汇指导完形填空概括大意历年试题阅读理解补全短文模拟试题例题习题综合职称英语完形填空历年试题模拟试题例题习题词汇指导阅读理解补全短文概括大意

商务英语翻译论文广告英语商务英语商务英语教学

无忧论文网

联系方式

空气船舶排放调节的方法:艺术状态,技术和政策的选择

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2013-04-10编辑:hynh1021点击率:2427

论文字数:13900论文编号:org201304101056398923语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:排放调节利益

摘要:联合研究中心的使命是提供客户驱动的概念,科学和技术支持,开发,实施和监测欧盟政策。作为欧洲委员会的一个服务,JRC作为参考中心的科学和技术的结合。联系决策的过程,它的成员国的共同利益,然而无论是私人还是国家,都属于独立的特殊的利益。

Acknowledgments感谢


我们要感谢L. Hordijk,A先生的夫人krasenbrink,M.温宁,A先生佩路加,C.帕纳约蒂斯H.梅耶先生,先生,女士A. Pridmore和MS G.马尔赫恩征求他们对本报告的意见和建议。我们也感谢mrj.p.maling雷欧对他的鼓励。最后,我们感谢所有那些谁帮助进行这本参考报告总结的研究活动的人。We would like to thank Mr L. Hordijk, Mr A. Krasenbrink, Mrs M. Wenning, Mr A. Perujo, Mr C. Panayotis,Mr H. Meijer, Ms A. Pridmore and Ms G. Mulhern for their comments and suggestions for this http://www.51lunwen.org/electricalengineering/ Report. OurthanksalsogotoMrJ.P.Malingreauforhisencouragement.Finally,wearegratefultoallthosewhohelpedto carry out the research activities which are summarised in this Reference Report.


Executive summary经营综合报告


近年来公众对海洋运输的环境影响越来越关注。这是因为海运是第五大贡献的空气污染和碳排放,和贸易的增长速度使问题更为紧迫的原因。In recent years public concerns regarding the envi-ronmental impacts of maritime transport have in-creased. This is because maritime transport is thefifth largest contributor to air pollution and carbonemissions, and the growth rate of trade makes theproblem even more pressing. However, consider-able environmental improvements are obtainableby changing shipping practices. The internationalregulatory framework that governs the sectormakesitcomplextodesignpolicystrategytoabateair emissions, such as greenhouse gases (GHGs),from international maritime transport.Thecurrentpolicyactionsdealingwithairemissionsrelate mainly to the quality of fuel used and tothe technological options available. Market-based instruments such as emissions tradingare being discussed at international level withinthe International Maritime Organization (IMO).Furthermore,theinclusionofthemaritimetransportsector within the EU Emission Trading Scheme is onthe EU strategy to address GHGs. The complexityof air pollution and climate change policies for theinternational maritime transport sector calls fora wide range of considerations to be taken intoaccount requiring policymakers: 1) to set bindinglong-term emission reduction goals, 2) to takeaction in a flexible manner, 3) to ensure knowledgeand technology sharing of innovative practices, and4) transparency, administrative feasibility.The following Reference Report summarises thekey findings of several years’ research activity andprovides a reference framework for analytical toolsdesigned to support the regulation of air emissionsfrom ships. It outlines the ‘state of the art’ with re-gardtothemainmethodologicalaspectsofdesign-ing policy measures to regulate air emissions frommaritimetransport,namelyidentificationoftheim-pacts, estimation of emissions, and identificationand selection of technological and policy optionsto abate air emissions from ships. The ultimate aimof this Report is to provide analytical tools to helpdefineapolicystrategyforregulatingairemissionsfrom ships, by providing various insights into howto best design and apply efficient and equitablepolicy instruments.Reducing the impacts of maritime transport on theenvironment is a challenging task, since these im-pacts are not only due to navigation but also to theactivities carried out in ports. Chapter 1 analysesthe main links between environmental impacts andactivities/events of the maritime transport sector.The analysis suggests that air emissions from themaritime transport sector account for a significantportion of total emissions, affecting air quality andcontributing to climate change and human healthproblems. In addition, the existing trend suggeststhat the situation will worsen in the future. CO2emissi论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

共 1/4 页首页上一页1234下一页尾页

英国英国 澳大利亚澳大利亚 美国美国 加拿大加拿大 新西兰新西兰 新加坡新加坡 香港香港 日本日本 韩国韩国 法国法国 德国德国 爱尔兰爱尔兰 瑞士瑞士 荷兰荷兰 俄罗斯俄罗斯 西班牙西班牙 马来西亚马来西亚 南非南非

   Europe (24-hours)
   EN:13917206902
   china (24-hours)
   CN:13917206902
在线客服团队
    全天候24小时在线客服
      QQ:949925041 
  

微信公众订阅号