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美国嘻哈文化 美国paper格式 [6]

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2014-12-03编辑:Cinderella点击率:7154

论文字数:4058论文编号:org201412022255105965语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:Hip-Hopfashionsociety嘻哈文化人权

摘要:Hip-Hop源自美国黑人社区,是一种由多种元素构成的街头文化的总称,它包括音乐、舞蹈、说唱、DJ技术、服饰、涂鸦等。Hip-Hop是街头的文化,是一种生活态度。它是一种表达方式,依靠社会评论、政治批判、经济分析、宗教解释以及街道意识而发展,同时和长期存在的种族歧视、文化偏见、社会、经济、政治差异问题相斗争。

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Historically where there was Rap music there was Breakin, both are rays of the same light. Breakin found its birth place in the ghettos of New York, in the same Block parties and environment as Rap – they only differentiate in their physical expression. Mentioned earlier, the ghettos of New York were in continues strife since the 1960’s, Price (2006, p.10) gives an account of how gang culture evolved in to Breakin crew culture:

 

In 1968, gang warfare in the Bronx was extremely high. Numerous young people had been murdered, families had been destroyed, and the streets were utter chaos. When Black Benjie (Cornell Benjamin), a member of The Ghetto Brothers, was killed, a historic truce was called on December 8, 1971, at The Bronx Boys club. Hundreds of gang members met to discuss the possibilities for finding a better way to handle their aggressions and for having peace on the streets of their city. Many prominent gang leaders were present, including 14 year old Afrika Bambaataa (Kevin Donavan), who would quickly rise as a leader of the Black Spades. Although the truce did not end gangs, it did offer alternatives to the continuing bloodshed. Gangsters began to use dance and other expressive means to rid themselves of their frustrations.”

 

By the late 1970’s the Bronx was divided and each division had its own DJ, Rappers and Breakin crews. Party hosts and MC’s would actively encourage participation from gang members in dancing and music. The divisions of the Bronx were later unified by Afrika Bambaataa in to what is today known as the Zulu Nation. Afrika Bambaataa and the Zulu nation created a panel of arbitrators who would resolve inner city gang conflicts which is still active until today. The Zulu nation till present promotes its own order of peace and has distinct rules and regulations for conduct. Taken from the official Zulu Nation website (2010) is rule six of the official 15 commandments:

 

We believe that anyone who is into any religion or faith, that religion or faith should uplift you as a Human Being, not make you into a religious slave or zombie, and that the religion should not mix falsehood with truth, and that the religion should be a fighter for Freedom, Justice, and Equality for all Human Beings as well as for anything of life that God has given to this planet so-called Earth.”

 

The original governing body (The Zulu Nation) of Hip Hop culture still complies by these 15 principles which are evidently humanitarian and peaceful. Because Hip Hop culture has spread so vastly around the globe each nation has its own Hip Hop history and identity hence Zulu policy is not effective internationally. It could be argued in the case of Gangster Rap’s negativity, that because its outcome contradicts the essence of Hip Hop legislation it is not within the culture of Hip Hop therefore Hip Hop is completely positive.

 

Neal (2004, p.12) comments that: “Breakin began as an articulation of physical pre论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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