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雅加达城市历史与现状分析

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2015-07-21编辑:Cinderella点击率:4532

论文字数:6398论文编号:org201507192201062954语种:英语论文 English地区:印度价格:免费论文

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摘要:本文对雅加达城市的历史文化和现代化国际都市状况进行了深入探究,从政治经济、文化、交通等各个方面加以研究。

雅加达在当今时代,是一座摩天大楼和现代化建筑众多的国家,成千上万的汽车、摩托车,涌动的人群在街头来来去去,就是这个城市的代表形象。汽车的喇叭声、街头小商贩的叫卖声、乞讨声、音乐家们的演奏声,交织着成为了这座城市的节奏。然后,让我们穿越时光,到这座城市的另一种节奏和空间,回到这座城市还叫做巽他加拉巴查雅加达和巴达维亚的时候,就会发现,当时这里被发展成为了全国的文化、经济和政治中心,同时也是交通中心和全球文化流。当我们再次解冻时间,回到当下,这座城在现代大都市中的地位,我们还能够看到过去的文化对其带来的历史与身份影响吗?文化的遗产已经定格在了这座城市里吗?还是这里的人们已经将其作为自己身份的一部分,融入到了每种文化做法当中呢?

Jakarta, in the present day, is a modern city with skyscrapers and modern buildings dominating its vertical and horizontal landscape; millions of cars, motorcycles, and people moving along and crossing the streets signifying the life of the city; and the chorus of the honks of the vehicles, the shouts of the street peddlers, beggars, street musicians composing the rhythm and rime of the city. Then, try to freeze this 'modern' temporality and spatiality and travel backward in time-space to other timelines and spatiality of this city; to the times when this city was known as Sunda Kalapa, Jayakarta, and Batavia -to the time when it was entitled 'the Queen of the East'. As we move along in time and space travel, we will find that this city was created and developed as the hub for cultural, economic, and political transaction across nations, the hub of transnational and global 'cultural flow'. When we unfreeze the time, and look back again to the present timeline, to the current status of the city as one of the modern cities, where can we find that part of historicity and identity brought about by the past cultural flow? Is it frozen, confined, and trapped in the notion and materiality of cultural heritage? Or is it alive and made visible in the cultural practices of the people of the city and embraced as the part of their identity?

The questions led me to follow de Certeau 'walking in the city', and headed to The Jakarta history Museum and Glodok business district, both are located in the Old City of Jakarta. Located at the centre of Fatahillah square; the area of cultural heritage, Jakarta History Museum is the best example of how the collections related to the past and identities of Jakarta are preserved and then how the notions and ideas about this past are narrated and projected toward the present. While, Glodok business district area, which is also an Old China town in this city, provides me with the example of how the notion of heritage and identities are being exercised and enliven by the people in contrast to the narrative provided by 'the official point of view', as this area is the place and space where cultural transaction among people occurs. The result of this flaunerian walk, is these lion pictures [1] 

On my curiosity, I 'googled' and found the information about these lions. One article in Wikipedia mentions that:

They are believed to have powerful mythic protective powers that has traditionally stood in front of Chinese Imperial palaces, Imperial tombs, government offices, temples, and the homes of government officials and the wealthy from the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). Pairs of guardian lions are still common decorative and symbolic elements at the entrances to restaurants, hotels, supermarkets and other structures, with one sitting on each side of the entrance, in China and in other places around the world where the Chinese people have immigrated and settled, especially in local Chinatowns. (Chinese guardian lions)

Two important points I can take from this explanation: 1) the buildings where these lions stand (a|government offices,论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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