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自由贸易在international trading发展中的重要性研究dissertation

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2015-05-09编辑:felicia点击率:8638

论文字数:12510论文编号:org201505082029388273语种:英语论文 English地区:澳大利亚价格:免费论文

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摘要:这是一篇有关自有贸易的问题澳大利亚毕业论文,通过简要论述自由贸易的概念和意义,进而剖析自由贸易在国际贸易中的重要性。

自由贸易协定的目的是倡导自由贸易,对自由贸易的支持来自李嘉图的比较优势原理,类似的想法来自完全竞争的概念和新古典主义经济学家,他们认为有效的资本配置能够促进经济发展,自由贸易能够激发市场活力。在经济大萧条时期,自由贸易受到广泛关注,约翰逊主张贸易保护。本文就围绕自由贸易协定进行分析,阐述其与经济发展的重要联系。


1. Introduction


1.1. Theoretical Framework


The general idea of free trade agreement of growth was developed in advocacy of free trade based on neoclassical trade theory (Solow, 1956) and from recent endogenous growth theory (Romer P. , 1990). The support for free trade is drawn from Ricardian principles of comparative advantage (Viner, 1937). Similar idea is drawn from the notion of perfect competition and the believe of neoclassical economists who argues on the importance of efficient capital allocation due to free trade (Krugman, 1986; Corden W. , 1974).


The phenomenon of free trade came under severe scrutiny in the face of Great Depression. Hence, theoretical foundations of ‘optimum tariff' were developed in support of protection (Johnson, 1950; Kaldor, 1940). Johnson (1958, 1971) advocated trade protection in three groups in his classical exposition. They are the economic arguments, non-economic arguments and non-arguments. Economic arguments raise infant industry argument, optimal tariff argument and correction of domestic market distortions, while non-economic arguments emphasize on self-sufficiency for domestic economy. Non-arguments attempt to resolve balance of payment distortions through trade protection. Johnson concluded that ‘optimal tariff' protection is the only valid argument, while in other cases such arguments will only inflict distortions.


The neoclassical economists refute the notion of protection as an alternative, as this would result in intra-industry effects. The increased barrier to entry would make domestic traders to engage in monopolistic competition, while small enterprises will be left inefficient. Intra-industry effects are the source to welfare loss (Tybout J. D., 1991). In addition, Bhagwati(1988) and Kruger(1974), raises the theory of directly unproductive and profit (DUP) seeking activities, which will cause waste to national resources. Additionally, the Solow-growth model embodies technology as an endogenous factor (Agion, 1992; Romer P. , 1989), which argue that international trade ensures faster diffusion of technology, that is embodied into the better intermediate goods which results in higher productivity and growth for domestic economy (Grossman, 1991). This will result in learning by doing effect and technological know-how is surpassed. In addition, management is more efficient and all will combine in high growth (Krugman, 1987; Young, 1991; Lucas, 1988) .


1.2. Objective of the study


A high number and standard of studies have been conducted on Export-led growth, trade openness, “manufacturing exports as a new engine of growth”, specifically in the last decade, on different economies, ranging from developed to poor countries, drawing interesting conclusions. The present study seeks to investigate the effects of export, openness on growth in the context of Bangladesh.


Firstly, the study will seek for stable effects of policy shifts and implementation, in Ba论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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