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论香港新城的通勤模式变化Changing Commuting Patterns of New TownResidents in HongKong

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2012-03-13编辑:lena ding点击率:6837

论文字数:4532论文编号:org201203131300143638语种:英语论文 English地区:香港价格:免费论文

关键词:HongKongNew TownResidentsCommuting Patterns

摘要:本文旨在讨论香港居民出行的公交、地铁的情况,并对香港新城的通勤模式变化进行了论述与探讨。

Changing Commuting Patterns of New TownResidents in HongKong 

 

Abstract
This dissertation concerns with the change of the commuting patterns of new town residents in Hong Kong since the 1980s. In order to have a more in-depth understanding about the change of the commuting patterns of new town residents,Tuen Mun new town is chosen as a case study in this dissertation. Information about the commuting patterns of Tuen Mun residents in the past years is obtained from government documents and consultant reports through library research. A questionnaire survey was conducted between 23th April and 27th April to collect the information about the present commuting patterns of Tuen Mun residents. The survey results indicate that there was an increasing proportion of resident workers commute out of  Tuen Mun since the 1980s. The proportion of Tuen Mun resident workers commute outside was increasing significantly from 52% in 1981 to 75% in 2001。 Among the outcommuting trips, half of them were to urban areas. The proportion of Tuen Mun resident workers commute to urban areas during the past twenty years was increasing. Besides, the survey shows that the average journey time to work for Tuen Mun residents was long. Moreover, the survey finds that there was an increasing proportion of  Tuen Mun resident workers left home to go to work before 8:00 a.m. between 1992 and 2001. The survey also shows that many Tuen Mun resident workers took francMsed bus or public light bus to get to work whilst Tuen Mun resident students mostly took LRT to school. In addition, the survey reveals the reasons for Tuen Man residents for outcommuting to work. Insufficient job provision, limited job choice as well as poor job conditions in TuenMun together with strong ties with the existing outside jobs all were reasons causing Tuen Mun residents to travel outside to work. The change of the commuting patterns of  Tuen Mun residents reflects that self-containment in terms of employment is becoming less in Tuen Mua. Through the case study of  Tuen Mun new town, an in-depth understanding about the changing commuting patterns of new town residents in HongKong during the past twenty years is achieved.

 

1. New Town Idea
Different countries used different terms to describe the new town phenomenon. Some of the terms are“new communities”、“ planned communities”、“new settlements", "satellite towns" and "garden cities" (Philips & Yeh, 1987).
Since new towns have been established in different countries for different purposes, on different scale and over different periods of time, there is no universal definition of new town. Different scholars have different viewpoints on new town. According to Galantay,“new towns are planned communities consciously created in response to clearly stated objectives. Town creation as an act of will presupposes the existence of an authority or organization sufficiently effective to secure the site, marshal resources for its development and exercise continued control until the town reaches viable sight(Galantay, 1975: 1)
Corden offers the following definition of new town:“town refer to any relatively autonomous community of limited population size planned under the direction of a single entrepreneur or development agency as a total unit which contains housing, community services, and amenities, as well as employment adequate to support a socially and economically diverse population ........ the new town is a论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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