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Influences of RMB Appreciation 0n our import and export trade and Countermeasures of Long-term Appreciation of RMB

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2012-05-08编辑:lena ding点击率:12297

论文字数:19367论文编号:org201205081021577186语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:RMBimportexport tradeCountermeasures

摘要:自2005年7月21日起,我国开始实行以市场供求为基础、参考一篮子货币进行调节、有管理的浮动汇率制度;与此同时,人民币汇率调整为1美元=8.11元,升值2%。由此,人民币在经历亚洲金融危机以来的稳定和实际升值以后,终于拉开了正式升值的序幕。根据各方面的分析,到2020年以前,人民币将处于长期升值的趋势之中。众所周知,汇率对进出口贸易具有较大的影响,因为汇率反映的是一种货币相对于另一种货币的价格,所以汇率的改变将直接传导给进出口商品和服务的价格,从而影响到进出口数量。本文研究的范围是人民币升值给进出口贸易带来的影响,包括正面影响、负面影响、出口、进口、进出口商品结构、贸易方式等。本研究基于权威部门的统计数据,利用国际贸易相关理论,采用实证和分析相结合的方法,试图全面分析人民币升值尤其是加速升值对我国进出口贸易的影响,以及面对人民币升值应该的一些措施。

Influences of RMB Appreciation 0n our import and export trade and Countermeasures of Long-term Appreciation of RMB

 

Abstract
      Since July 21, 2005, China began to implement a managed floating exchange rate system based on market supply and demand, with Reference to a basket of currencies. At the same time, RMB exchange rate adjusts to $1 = 8.11 RMB with an appreciation of 2%. Thus, after the Asian financial crisis in the experience of the stability and a real appreciation, RMB finally starts the prelude of appreciation. According to the analysis, by 2020, the RMB will be on a long-term appreciation trend. As is known, rate of exchange has great influence on import and export trade, because the exchange rate is a kind of currency reflects the relative to another currency exchange. So the change of exchange rate will directly affect import and export’s prices of goods and services, thus affecting import and export quantity. This research is about the influence of RMB appreciation for import and export trade, including the impact of positive effects and negative effects, import, export, import and export commodity structure and ways of trade, etc. This research is based on the authority of the statistics department, using the theory of international trade, adapting the method of combining demonstration and analysis, attempts to comprehensively analyze the appreciation of RMB particularly accelerated appreciation’s influence on our import and export trade, and some of the measures should be taken to handle RMB appreciation.

 

INTRODUCTION

In different period of economic development, China's RMB exchange rate mechanism adopted different. In July 2005, China's RMB exchange rate formation mechanism was reformed with a reference to basket of currencies of mediation to implement a managed floating exchange rate system. Since then, RMB went in to a long-term slow appreciation track. Especially since 2007, the RMB appreciation has accelerated the pace of record highs. To December 24, 2007, the RMB against the U.S. dollar breakthrough 7.3315:1and has appreciated 6.09%.  And China's import and export trade has also experienced a tortuous history. Since the reform and opening up policy, China's import and export went into the track of healthy development, especially in recent years, China's foreign trade volume, quality and structure have achieved degrees of improvement. In 2002, China became the world's fifth largest trading nation. In 2004 China made it 6 years earlier to implement a long term goal to gain a 10000 billon foreign trade total amount, and finally the total number was 1.15477 trillion U.S. dollars.  China’s foreign trade shared 12% of the world’s total and became the world's third largest trading power, behind the United States and Germany. Since then, China's import and export trade continued to lead a double-digit growth. In 2006, China's foreign trade volume reached 1.7604 trillion U.S dollars, in 2007 broke two trillion U.S dollars, the total foreign trade reached 2.167 trillion U.S dollars. How much impact on China's import and export trade does RMB appreciation have? What are the positive effects and negative effects? What kind of influence does RMB appreciation have on China's import and export quantity, quality, amount, structure and ways of trade? This article will focus in January 2007 since the revaluation, for example, from the perspective of论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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