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环境库兹涅茨曲线分析

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2014-12-05编辑:yangcheng点击率:5405

论文字数:6622论文编号:org201412042326188732语种:英语论文 English地区:马来西亚价格:免费论文

关键词:兹涅茨曲线分析environmental Kuznets国民核算论文留学生论文

摘要:本文是对毛里求斯的环境库兹涅茨曲线分析的留学生国民核算论文,本文试图通过考察碳排放的情况及其对国内生产总值(GDP)影响来估计毛里求斯的环境库兹涅茨曲线(EKC),同时分析通货膨胀率、失业率和人口规模这些变量与GDP和碳排放之间的直接或间接联系。文章考察了毛里求斯在1990 - 2010年期间的经济增长与碳排放之间的关系。

毛里求斯的环境库兹涅茨曲线分析

 

本文试图通过考察碳排放的情况及其对国内生产总值(GDP)影响来估计毛里求斯的环境库兹涅茨曲线(EKC),同时分析通货膨胀率、失业率和人口规模这些变量与GDP和碳排放之间的直接或间接联系。文章考察了毛里求斯在1990 - 2010年期间的经济增长与碳排放之间的关系。主要采用了多元回归技术法作为估计和协整方法。同时通过差分技术分析了数据,以保证数据稳定,最终帮助我们有效地操作数据。采用了相关技术后,我们发现经济增长和碳排放量高度相关,在预测模型时我们也采用了二次方程公式。据推断,毛里求斯已经达到了它的“转折点”。然而由于毛里求斯大量使用燃料以及高碳排放量,这个国家很难达到《京都议定书》的要求。这篇论文中包含了不同的结论,如国民收入受环境恶化的影响最为显著。

 

Environmental Kuznets curve in the case of Mauritius

 

This paper attempts to estimate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in the case of Mauritius by taking the role of carbon emissions and its implications on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country, together with variables linked directly and indirectly to GDP and carbon emission which includes inflation rates, unemployment and population size. This paper examines the relationship between economic growth and carbon emissions in Mauritius for the period 1990-2010. The multivariate regression techniques approach as the estimation and approach to cointegration was adopted. This paper examines the data through differencing techniques in order to make the data stationary which ultimately helped us to manipulate the data effectively. After running correlation techniques, we found that growth and carbon emissions are highly correlated and quadratic equation formulation was used in the prediction modelling. It was deduced that, Mauritius has reached its “turning point”. However due to the heavy use of fuels and high carbon emissions in Mauritius it is very difficult for the country to meet Kyoto Protocol requirements. Various conclusions are drawn out of this paper which includes national income which has the most significant impact in environmental degradation, many indicators like unemployment rate, tends to improve as countries approach middle income levels and econometric evidence shows that macroeconomic policies have certain impact on income and carbon emissions. Similarly forecasted CO2 emissions were derived for different sectors.

 

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Gross Domestic Product, Time Series, Mauritian Economy.

 

Introduction

 

The object of this research paper is to investigate empirically the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis for Mauritius with a time span of more than two decades.

 

According to the EKC hypothesis as the economy of one’s country develops the degradation of the environment increases, but when the economy reaches a specific level of income per capita, known as turning point, pollution starts to decline. The EKC hypothesis implies that despite the fact that at first stages of development, pollution is unavoidable, in the end the economic growth will be one of the solutions to the pollution problem.

 

The concept that economic development will eventually lead to the improvement of the quality of the environment is very appealing. Growth, which has been accused as the论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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