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美式英语与英式英语的区别 [2]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-03编辑:wujun点击率:24113

论文字数:论文编号:org201002031445239959语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:美国英语英国英语词汇差异知识

Guo Boyu 5).

1. The Period of Old English
The period from 450 to 1100 is known as the Old English. The earliest period begins with the immigration of certain Germanic tribes from the continent to Britain in the fifth century A. D., though no records of their language survive from before the seventh century, and it continues to the end of the eleventh century or maybe a bit later. As having been seen that English language did not simply spring into existence; it was brought from the Continent by Germanic tribes who had no form of writing and hence left no records. Philologists know that they must have spoken a diale本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供ct of a language that can be called West Germanic. By that time Latin, Old Norse (the language of the Viking invaders), and especially the Anglo-Norman French of the dominant class after the Norman Conquest in 1066 had begun to have a substantial impact on the lexicon. The following brief sample of Old English prose illustrates several of the significant ways in which English has transformed. A few of these words will be recognized as identical in spelling with their modern equivalents -- he, of, him, for, and, on etc., and some of words are familiar to modern words, which can be easily guessed, such as wære to were, wæs to was, of which only these who have made special study of Old English can understand what their meanings are.

2. The Period of Middle English
The period of Middle English extends roughly from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. This period was marked by important and significant changes in the English language, especially in the vocabulary. The Norman Conquest was the cause of these changes. The change of this period had a great effect on vocabulary. In this period many Old English words were lost, but thousands of words borrowed from French and Latin appeared in the English vocabulary. Because the Normans who conquered the本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供 Britain were government administrators or lords, meat was their most main dishes. Such words as beef, mutton, veal, and calf, etc. came into English vocabulary. That is to say, the influence of French upon the English lexicon continued throughout this period. “English had also strong influence from Latin (mostly through the church and scholars) and the Norman invasion of England brought about significant changes in the language” (Guo Boyu 6).

3. The Period of Modern English
Modern English period extends from fifteenth century to the present day. Modern English developed by the efforts of literary and political writings. From 1500 to 1700 is the early modern English. During this time, the chief influence of this time was great humanistic movement of the Renaissance. Since the 16th Century, because of the contact that the British had with many peoples from around the world, and the Renaissance of Classical learning, many words have entered the language either directly or indirectly. New words were created at an increasing rate. Shakespeare coined over 1600 words. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries are a period of rapid expansion for the English vocabulary in the history of the English language. Other important developments at this period include the stabilizing effect on spelling of the printing press and the beginning of the direct influence of Latin, Greek on the lexicon. Later, as English came into contact wi本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供th other cultures around the world and distinctive 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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