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美国文化特征中俚语的研究分析 [4]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-03编辑:wujun点击率:15448

论文字数:论文编号:org201002031559411898语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:美国俚语特点文化接受

can slang is vividness and creativeness. And because its creativeness and fast speed of innovation, it could be noted that another distinguished characteristic of American slang: that of the difficulty in assigning a correct etymology to so many of its units. For slang, the etymology depends upon metaphor and allusion and irresponsible mutilation. When a whimsicality of this kind establishes itself as a permanent colloquialism, or gets into the accepted vocabulary, the etymologist has a hard nut to crack. If the word is at all old, its history is likely to be obscure, for slang seldom get into the print until it has been in circulation for some time (Greenough and Kittredge, 1992:76)本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供
In short, in a large part, American slang is slippery in meaning, characterized by its searching for novelty, volatility as well as lightheartedness, ephemeral and its sway with fashion.

1. The Linguistic Features of American Slang
After finishing the macro analysis of American slang, now comes a micro analysis of American slang by studying slang items for patterns of form and functions through the following aspects: word-formation, semantics.
In any language, most new words are formed productively that is, in conformity with patterns already established in the language rather than coinage, the invention of a word merely by putting sound together. American slang exploits existing forms and their current meanings in various ways, drawing on and often mixing resources from the sound system, the world-building process, paradigms, and the speakers’ knowledge of the culture. In this section, the most important word formation devices of American slang are introduced: compounding, affixes and shortening.

1.1. Compounding
Compounding is a most common word-formation method in American slang. Many American slang words are in the picture本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供sque composition forms such as whatdyecallem, attaboy, and booze-foundary. etc.  Sometimes, words of the same meaning may generate several different compounding forms, for example, yields in slang frat, fratty, frattty-bagger, fratrat, fradom, and fraout, all referring in same way to the stereotype behavior of members of a particular kind of male social organization.

1.2. Affixes
Besides compounding, Affixes is another important way of American slang word-formation. American slang uses many of the same prefixes and suffixes. The productive prefix in recent use in American slang is perma-‘a great amount of’. The American slang contains perma-include: permagross, permanerve, permagrim.

1.3. Shortening
Shortening is a common phenomenon in American slang formation. American words such as pro, mike, pix, photo and ad all belong to this type of word forming. American slang incline to curtail words, many such clippings are regarded as Standard English gradually.

2. Semantics Feature of American Slang
Slang embodies in itself many semantic features, one of which is that slang usually provides an alternative v本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供ocabulary for referents already named in the language. Nearly all slang consists of old words change in form or, far more often, old words with new meanings or new shades of meaning.
In the process of sense-changing is the idea which wanders from word to word and from one metaphor to another: sometimes the last or even (an intermediate) sense becomes very different from the first. For instan论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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