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美国文化特征中俚语的研究分析 [5]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-03编辑:wujun点击率:15547

论文字数:论文编号:org201002031559411898语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:美国俚语特点文化接受

ce, as McKnight observed, “in the face of wind” becomes “in the teeth of wind”.

B. Americans’ Characters Reflecting from American Slang
Sociolinguists talk about the function of a language in an abstract sense, that is, not in term of using language to chat, to think, to buy and sell, to read and write, to greet people, etc; they more often connect language with social contexts to explore its social function, i.e., social effect.


1. Humor
American characters could be reflected from American slang that they daily use. An element of humor is almost always present in American slang, usually as humorous exaggeration. For instance, to call a hat a lid is amusing because it puts a hat and a pot-lid in the same class. Frequently grotesque and fantastic American slang is spoken with intent to produce a st本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供artling or original effect. American slang is hardly bitter in these implied judgments. Many slang words, indeed, are arisen from pleasurable activities, from the joy of life.
The humorous effect achieved by American slang is safe allow a person to test his or her interest and values in relation to those of the group without fear of losing status or esteem. Often, humor is the device for masking discomfort in talking about subjects that have traditionally not been talked casually in polite society. A woman says that she has been jilted by her lover, giving the appearance of talking the rejection lightly, even though the breaking out of the relationship between the two may actually be quite painful.

Finally, besides its social function, on a lower rhetorical level the forms of American slang, which are humorous merely because the sound of the slang word is funny, such as the word skeezicks refers to a disrespectful name of a man. Such display of slang in humorous function is very rich. From what have been talked above, one could infer that American people are full of the spirit of optimism, even when they are in the discomfiture situation.

2. Anti-authority
American slang often oppose to the established authority. Slang is typically cultivated among people in a society who have little political power, like adolescents, college students, and enlisted personnel in the military. At the first place, slang was used to be a monopolizing language which is largely used by the underworld people, such as, sinister gang, homosexual, girlie, prisoners and gamblers. American slang can be a verbal expression of fundamental opposition, showing a rage of attitudes from slight irreverence to downright subversives.
As a matter of fact, the anti-authority effect of slang has long been noted, for, in the early years of the use 本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供of the slang term, its antiestablishment quality was obvious, and for the term was mainly applied to special vocabulary of criminals, who by definition oppose to the conventions and norms of established society. Over the centuries, the slang has been extended to apply to the vocabularies of other identifiable groups, but those who by and large live within the law; they have developed vocabulary in the opposite to the Standard English for reasons of group solidarity. Groups like these violate the conventions of propriety just as they violate civil or criminal laws.
Generally speaking, American students, especially college students have strong personalities. They are not afraid of making mistakes and they are full of curiosity, pursuit论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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