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Cultural Difference between Chinese and English on Politeness principle [3]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-09编辑:lisa点击率:25206

论文字数:4000论文编号:org201002091055304502语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Politeness principle

ield.
 2. Name, such as Bill.
  The appellation presents frequently confusion in the cross-culture communication because the appellation form has many differences in two cultures. They feel hesitating to use name as appellation, like calling Mary Brown as Mary, because they only may call it directly with the familiar or the intimate person in China.
 B. Modest aspect
 The Chinese mostly observe the本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供 modest aspect. Westerners think that Chinese has a lot of tradition of self-depreciation reflecting modesty. For example, calling oneself as “humble person”(鄙人), or “humble brother”(小弟) and so on; one’s own son is “little dog”(犬子), or “ small child”(小儿); one’s own home is “cold  home”(寒舍), or “poor shed”(陋舍); one’s own work is “clumsy work”(拙著), or “poor work”(拙作)。The other party is called  “Your honour”(您), “Gentleman”(先生), “Your Excellency”(阁下), “The old person”(老人家). The other person’s home  is called “noble home”(贵府), or” noble place”(府上); the other side’s work is “great writings”(大作), “ excellent work”(佳作), “ masterpiece.”(杰作). However, in the UK-US culture politeness principle does not have the above-mentioned way of using modest and lofty words. The first person is in common use “I, my, mine”(我,我的); the second person is in general use “You, your, yours”(你,你的).
 Modesty and respect criterion also applies to praising people. The person who hears praises disparages oneself, usually saying “I am not doing well,” or “no, no,”(哪里,哪里)or“I haven’t done enough”(我做的很不够),“This is what I should do”(这是我应该做的). However, this kind of thank-you speech is often regarded as lacking honesty or self-confidence and often makes the English people feel that their own words are directly vetoed. They think that the Chinese do not speak politely. This is because people usually accept the other party’s praise, not veto it in UK-US culture.
 C. Elegance aspect
  Elegance speech refers to conforming to both sides’ status, sex, age, social relations and so on. The American linguist divides the conversation way into five kinds of style
      1. Frozen
2.Formal
3. Consultative
 4. Casual
 5. Intimate
  These five kinds of style roughly are applicable to two cultures, but still have some differences in real use. For example, in the elegance aspect of wording, what should be said and what should not be said are decided by both sides’ social status. In Chinese culture, when inquiring about 60-70 year-old people’s age  people commonly use “Longevity”(高寿),“Advanced age”(高龄); when asking about the younger generation or a child’s age one says “How old are you?”(几岁了,多大了).
 D. Common aspect
Praise criterion and the approval criterion in UK-US culture have many similarities with those of Chinese culture. Two cultures emphasize that one should consider the maximum of the other party’s “face”. But two cultures also have some differences in the way and the manifestation. Praises in Chinese culture are usually given to the lower level by the higher level or to the younger by the elder.  The praise aspects are mainly people’s ability, personality, cultivation, moral and so on. The Han Nationality female, especially the young female is not extremely accustomed to the opposite sex’s thinking highly in the public. However, Praises in Western culture are actually omnipresent and all-embracing. The young female like论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。
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very good

2013/4/7 17:11:32

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