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Cultural Difference between Chinese and English on Politeness principle [4]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-09编辑:lisa点击率:25204

论文字数:4000论文编号:org201002091055304502语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Politeness principle

s others especially in the public to praise her appearance or clothing, and accepts confidently. Certainly two cultures have some differences in communication standard. Chinese culture thinks highly of a certain word, while possibly in UK-US culture it has the meaning of discontent and being derogatory. Moreover, in Chinese culture praises mostly come first, followed by censuring. Namely first praise and affirm the other side, then point out the other side’s insufficiency and need of improvement. But in UK-US culture praises are frank.
 E. Integrity aspect
 Chinese culture’s moral refers to as much as possible reducing other people’s cost in the behavior motive, and as much as possible increasing other people’s benefits. This is roughly consistent with UK-US culture’s in strategy criterion. This is roughly consistent with the UK-US culture’s generity criterion. People’s daily activities reflect that integrity criterion is everywhere in Chinese culture. For example, after you help and get others’ praises, you will say “It doesn’t matter. It’s what I should do”(没有什么,这是我应该做的), “It is my pleasure”(一点小事,举手之劳) and so on. While others help you, you often say “Thank you very much”(太感谢您了), “I am ashamed of taking your so much precious time”(不好意思,浪费您这么宝贵的时间) and so on. UK-US culture also has the similar mode of expression. For example, to others’ thanks, you often say “You are welcome”, “It is a great pleasure to do so”, “I am very glad to help you”. Similarly, to others’ help, you often say “Thank you very much for your help”. But in Chinese culture people usually say “It is my duty to do so”, “I am very sorry to have wasted a lot of your time”.
 F. Sympathy aspect
 The aspect is roughly the Chinese culture’s integrity aspect. For example, if the conductor of the train station treats the passengers with anger or disgust, the passengers certainly will think the conductor not only does not speak in politeness, but also lacks the occupational ethics. Chinese culture’s “Don’t feel sad. Everything will go(别难过,一切都会过去)” and “You are too unfortunate”(太不幸了) are roughly the same with the UK-US culture’s expression type, for example, “It is a great sorrow”, “I am very sorry to hear that” and so on.

IV. Conclusion
It is essential to respect and show politeness to others in the civilized society. Politeness is the common phenomenon in various societies and communities. People share universal politeness principle. However, in different societies, different languages, and different situations people observe different politeness principle. This essay has only discussed the differences of cultural differences 本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供between Chinese and English on politeness principles. While communicating with people from the other culture, students are easily hesitating to speak. They often ask themselves questions like these, “I wonder whether they will like me? Suppose they disagree with my arguments? What if they misinterpret what I say? What if I say something inappropriate? ”When westerners greets Chinese people, some Chinese may pretend that they have not heard of it, or bow their head keeping silent. Some of them may smile shyly and quickly go away. All these would make the westerner embarrassed. So Chinese must try to talk to westerners and take advantage of every opportunity to talk with foreign teachers and students. It is essential to respect and show politeness to others in the civilized society. Politen论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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very good

2013/4/7 17:11:32

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