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Cultural Difference between Chinese and English on Politeness principle

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-09编辑:lisa点击率:25490

论文字数:4000论文编号:org201002091055304502语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Politeness principle

I. Introduction
A. The world, along with different nationalities, politics, economy, education, cultural art and so on between nations, contacts each other frequently day by day. How to know objectively and deal with different nationality’s different culture and eliminate the spoken language exchange barrier because of cultural difference has become the hot topic discussion worldwide. In the world, various nationalities have their unique politeness principle or criterion. So people’s contact will have misunderstanding or conflict. Therefore, various social groups following politeness principle and having 本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供something in common are worth studying and discussing to a great degree. Especially to the cross-culture communication research, it seems that it is more important to explore the difference. The British linguistic Leech’s politeness principle includes six aspects: Tact Maxim, Generosity Maxim, Approbation Maxim, Modest Maxim, Agreement Maxim, Sympathy Maxim.
B. With China entrying the WTO and holding the Olympic Games in 2008, the relationship between China and Western countries in politics, economy, culture will become more and more close. It is undoubtedly that the etiquette will play an important role in this process. To the definition of etiquette, China and Western have a different understanding. As Chinese think that the etiquette is the common behavior standards that all the members must obey, and its purpose is to keep the normal living order of the society. In ancient China, a famous philosopher thinks that etiquette is a principal to deal with the relationship between man and supernatural beings. There are also many words about etiquette in English.

II. The politeness principle of Chinese culture and western culture
 China is known as the nation of the etiquette. China has formed the characteristic Chinese moral rules and politeness principles during several thousand years. Generally, Chinese culture’s politeness principles include the following several aspects.
A. Appellation maxim
  Namely one sends regards to the other side with the suitable name. Generation and age play an important role in Chinese appellation. It may be the unique decision element especially to relatives, neighbors and elders. (在我国的称呼系统中,辈分和年龄起着至关重要的作用,尤其是对亲属,邻里和师长可能是唯一的决定因素)。(祝畹瑾) It has manifested in the Chinese culture among people’s social relations. It means “There are differences between the higher and the longer; there are distinctions between the rich and the poor; there are orders between the elder and the young (上下有异,贵贱有分,长幼有序) .” Using the appropriate appellation is considered the most minimum politeness principle.
B. Modest maxim
  Namely you disparage yourself and the thing which is related with you, but you respect other people and their things. China’s culture politeness tends to belittle oneself and respect others and this is regarded as a phenomenon of typical characteristic of Chinese culture. (顾曰国(1992)中国文化的礼貌有“贬己尊人”这样一条准则,并认为这是最富有中国文化特色的一种现象)。 It has manifested “The person who is polite always belittles himself and respects others (夫礼者,自卑而尊人) in Chinese traditional culture. It also has embodied modest character.
C. Elegance maxim
  Namely one uses  lofty language,  “thick language”(粗语) is forbidden. This principle has reflected a speaker’s language training and cultural accomplishment.
D. Common maxim
  Namely communication of both si论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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2013/4/7 17:11:32

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