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The Relationship between Social Custom and English Idiom [2]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-26编辑:lisa点击率:18429

论文字数:3000论文编号:org201002261001266328语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:

nglish idioms are relatively fixed, the word-formation of idioms can not be change; third, the meaning of English idioms can not be interpreted by the meaning of the words which constitute it. (骆世平,2006:13)
     It is not easily to define what English idiom is. On one hand, the scope, content, structure and formation of English idioms are very complex; on the other hand, what formations of language belong to the English idioms? How to classify the idioms from the narrow sense and broad sense? Different scholars hold the different opinions, so it brings the difficult to define the English idioms. The English idiom is a special kind of English language form which come from the phrases, words groups, structure or custom expressions, the meaning of English idiom can not be deduce from the single meaning of the constitute-words. (张安德,杨元刚,2003:14)
From the above definition of English idiom, we can define that English idioms are some special language structure units—phrases, words groups and expressions, their meaning always can not be inferred from the literal meaning of the constitute-words of idioms, their meaning should be understood from the conventional form of whole idioms. From the broad sense, the English idioms include the phrases, common sayings, proverbs, idiomatic phrases, slang, a two-part allegorical saying and allusion and so on.
The English idioms mainly include the set phrases and idiomatic phrases. For instance, “to have one’s head in clouds” means “to meet the difficult problems that can not think the way to solve it”. Another example is “the man in the street”, which means “normal people, citizen”. “No man is born wise or learned” means “the man is learned from the studying but not learned from the inheritance”. The idiomatic phrase of “to charge someone an arm and a leg” means “the price is very expensive’. The allusion of “skeleton in the cupboard” means “the disgraceful affair of a person”, and the slang of “slag off” means “to criticize”.
The definitions of English idioms are many in our society. In my opinion, the English idioms consist of set phrases and short sentences, which are peculiar to the language in question and steeped in the national and regional culture and ideas, thus being colorful, forcible and thought-provoking. Strictly speaking, idioms are expressions that are not readily understandable from their literal meanings of individual constituents. In a broad sense, idioms may include colloquialisms, catchphrases, slang expressions, proverbs and so on.

Ⅲ.The Characters of English Idioms
     We have been discussed the definition of English idiom in the above; we know an English idiom has its different characters from other words and expressions. I think these characters can be sum up as single unit, institutionalization and irreplaceability. But this conclusion of English idioms is more abstract so that we can not easily understand. From my view of the characters of English idioms, they mainly have two aspect characters:
     First of all, being phrases or sentences, idioms each consist of at least two or more constituents, but each is a semantic unity. Thought the various words which make up the idiom have their respective literal meanings, they have lost their individual identities in the idiom. That is to say, their meanings are not often recognizable in the meaning of the whole idiom. Likewise, the part of speech of e论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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