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The Relationship between Social Custom and English Idiom [6]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-26编辑:lisa点击率:18520

论文字数:3000论文编号:org201002261001266328语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:

tom of food are similar to these idioms, such as:
Cry in one’s beer: forget worries by drinking.    
Big cheese: an important figure, boss.
Out of a jam: live out of the desperate straits or get out of troubles.
Save one’s bacon: shake off one’ difficulties.
Live on the breadline: living in the condition of poverty line.   
Jam tomorrow: something you want but it does not belong to you.
Cry over spilt milk: to waste time feeling sorry about something that cannot be changed for the better.
Know which side your bread is buttered: to know what will be of most gain to yourself. (骆世平, 2006:53)

E. The Relationship between Literary Masterpieces and English Idioms
Many popular western literary masterpieces have the classic words, phrases and sentences that attract people greatly. They are shaped to evolve the hidden meaning. For instance:
Screw up one’s courage: to overcome one’s fear; to stop one from being afraid.
Man Friday: a faithful and willing attendant, ready to turn his hand to anything. (The young savage found by Robinson Crusoe on a Friday, and kept as his servant and companion on the desert island.) (骆世平, 2006:39)
To the manner born: is be born to do. (Hamlet)
One’s pound of flesh: fair but unreasonable request. (A moneyless young Venetian, Bassanio, is making preparations to court Portia, a rich beauty of Belmont. He needs money and appeals to his friend Antonio, a merchant of Venice, for help. But Antonio’s money is invested in ships at sea. To aid Bassanio in his courtship, he borrows money from Shylock the Jewish usurer. Shylock, who has been insulted by Antonio and other Christians, agrees to lend the money on the condition that, if the loan is not paid in three本论文英语论文网www.51lunwen.org整理提供 months, he may cut a pound of flesh from Antonio’s body.(刘炳善,1993:78)Later people use “one’s pound of flesh” to imply the fair but unreasonable request. The Merchant of Venice(骆世平, 2006:35)
Cakes and ale: idle away one’s time in pleasure-seeking, enjoy pleasure. (Dost thou think, because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ales) Twelfth Night (刘炳善,1993:81)(骆世平, 2006:36)
Paint the lily: an unnecessary action. ( To gild refined gold, to paint the lily…Is it wasteful and ridiculous excess?)  King John (骆世平, 2006:36)
Man of mould: ordinary person. HenryⅤ
Suffer a sea change: a person who experienced a remarkable change. The Tempest
The world is someone’s oyster: at one’s will, follow one’s inclinations. The Merry Wives of Windsor.
Much ado about nothing: create trouble out of nothing. Much Ado About Nothing (骆世平, 2006:37)

F. The Relationship between Ancient Fables and English Idioms
Though ancient fable stories are short and refined, they teach people many philosophic and educational theories while being narrated. They are also parts of the kindergarten education of Chinese children. It is obvious that they are popular even among Chinese people. They, especially Aesop's Fables are the favorites of Chinese people. For example:
Naked truth: the plain, unvarnished truth; the truth without trimmings. (The fable says that Truth and Falsehood went bathing; Falsehood came first out of the water, and dressed herself in Truth’s garments. Truth, unwilling to take those of Falsehood, went naked.)
Sour grapes: disparage something that is beyond one’s reach. (The allusion is to Aesop’s well-known fable of the fox, whic论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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