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On the Origins of English Idioms and comparison differences between English and Chinese idioms [5]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-03-02编辑:lisa点击率:17085

论文字数:4000论文编号:org201003020902433007语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:English IdiomsChinese idioms英语习语

d Chinese idioms through their differences and similarity.
A.  Differences between English and Chinese idioms
1.  Geographical difference.
Geographical environment plays an important role in shaping one country’s culture and human beings have no choices and opacities to change the geography. As a result, idioms based on geographical features appear differences between different countries.
 Britain is an island country, which does not share land border with any other country except the Republic of Ireland. So, Britain people have a special passion for water. However, the most part of China belongs to inland place where people cannot live without earth. This made difference idioms in the two languages. For example, there is a Chinese idiom showing somebody being extravagant, “挥金如土”,but in English idiom is “spend money like water”; “Don’t cross the bridge till you come to it”(车到山前必有路), “between the devil and the deep sea”(进退维谷), “all is fish that comes to one’s net”(抓到篮里便是菜).
2 . Conventional differences
One nation’s custom is formed through a long history and firmly rooted in people’s mind. It is closely related to national psychology and acts as an important source of idioms. In different countries and nations customs drastically differ in various aspects. Due to that, a lot of idioms turn out with varied dress.
Take food habit for example, cake has been a common food in English for a long history. On the other hand, dishes are common in China, so ,in English idiom “a piece of cake” is tell the same meaning like(小菜一碟)in Chinese. Other examples are related to the habitual way of working in the field. E.g.: Chinese say “力大如牛”while English say “as strong as a horse”.
3.. Religious differences
Numerous idioms were generated from the function of religion. Religion which exists in every country and nation affects much in people’s belief and life, especially before the modern civilization. The people in different countries mostly believe in different schools of religion. Therefore some differences of idioms between Chinese and English can be traced back to the origin of religion. Religion played a key role in English society, especially before capitalization, innumerable idioms are originated from the Bible, such as “to put new wine in old bottles”(旧瓶装新酒)(庄和诚,2002,    p447),“my God”(上帝), “to make one’s hair stand on end”(使人毛骨悚然), besides, the idiom “as poor as a church mouse”(一贫如洗) is also somewhat influenced by religion. Be different from Britain culture, Chinese culture evolved from Confucian School, Taoist School. There are traces of Taoist principles and Confucian principles in Buddhist doctrines. A large number of Chinese idioms can be traced back to Buddhist School. Such as “道高一尺,魔高一丈”(where God has his church, the devil will have his chapel), “临时抱佛脚”(seek help at the last moment), ”佛法无边”(the powers of Buddha are unlimited) (顾曰国,1997.9  p.285),”一尘不染”(as clean as Whistle)(徐栋良,高红,2004  p.6).
B.  Similarities between English and Chinese idioms
 Although there are many differences between English and Chinese idioms origin, they also have some similarities. Sometimes, we can borrow them each other so that our communication would be changed frequently and easily. For example, as we all know, LiangShanBo and ZhuYinTai were lovers, but as foreigners, they don’t understand its meanings, maybe they don’t know about the story. How would we explain for them? In such c论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。
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