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中英语习语特征的研究Comparative study on the characteristics between English and Chinese idioms

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:本科毕业论文 Thesis登出时间:2012-03-12编辑:lena ding点击率:9660

论文字数:9011论文编号:org201203121123481553语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:idiomscharacteristicscultural differenceoriginsdifferencessimilarities

摘要:本文首先从定义,习语的分类,习语英汉的特点方面分析了英汉习语的相似点与不同点,然后从最能体现中西文化差异的习语着手,论述习语在文化的各个层次上所反映的中西文化差异,并采纳大量生动有趣的例子作为论据进行适当的分析。整篇论文最大限度地传递习语中的文化信息,体现中西文化的不同的价值观念。

ABSTRACT

Idioms are the essence of culture in every country, which mirrors many national unique fashions. It usually includes proverb, saying ,slang ,jargon and so on .Its forms of expression are beautiful in syllable ,and harmonious in rhythm .Some are implicit or humorous ; some are serious and elegant ; some are concise ,vivid and interesting ,which are gratifying man’s aesthetic sense .Idioms are also the essence of a language, which have strong national colors and distinctive cultural connotations. So it is difficult for both English and Chinese readers to understand the idiom translation thoroughly and exactly.

This thesis first analyzes the similarity and differences of English and Chinese idioms from the aspect of definitions, classification and characteristics and so on. Then it probes into the causes of the differences in English and Chinese idioms from the aspects of different living circumstances, different cognitions of things, different religions and beliefs, and different historical allusions and myths, etc. All the significance of this paper is to convey the idioms’ cultural information as much as possible, which is very useful for the language learning. So it is a very important and complicated thing for us to understand and use these idioms correctly. Therefore, in this paper, we will discuss the idioms reflecting the differences of Chinese and Western cultures in various levels with many lively, important, and interesting examples of idioms. The whole essay ultimate  is to reveal culture in cross-cultural communication and embody the different culture values.

 

Key words: idioms; characteristics; cultural difference; origins; differences; similarities 

 

CONTENTS

1. Introduction: 1
2. Definitions of idioms 1
2.1 Some English Dictionaries 2
2.2 The explanation of idioms 2
3 Classification of idioms 3
4. Characteristics 4
4.1 The mass of people is the creator of idioms of both languages 4
4.2 The idioms on farming and sea 4
4.3 The different living-surroundings and customs 5
4.4 Customs Differences between English and Chinese on Idioms 6
4.5 The origin of idioms 7
4.6 Both have regional or geographical Characteristics 11
4.7 Both have different figures of speech 11
4.8 The fix or variability characteristics of idioms 13
4.9 The characteristics of image symbol in Chinese and English idioms 13
5. Conclusion 15
Reference 16
Acknowledgements 17

 

Comparative study on the characteristics between English and Chinese idioms

1. Introduction:
Idioms are the essence of a language, which are always philosophical and eternal. According to Oxford Advantaged Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary, an idiom is “a phrase or sentence whose meaning is not clear from the meaning of its individual words and which must be learnt as a whole unit”. “In the broad sense, idioms may include : set phrases; proverbs; sayings; epigrams; slang expressions; colloquialisms; quotations; two-part allegorical sayings, of which the first part ,always stated, is descriptive, while the second part , sometimes unstated, carries the message(chiefly in Chinese). While in Chinese, idioms are called as ‘熟语’,including:短语,成语(usually consisting of four words),俗语,谚语,格言,箴言,名言(quotation or recorded utterance ) ,警句,隽语,俚语,粗话,行话,歇后语(includin论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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