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对非洲的美国英语的形成与特点分析

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2013-03-15编辑:hynh1021点击率:3164

论文字数:13200论文编号:org201303152216597901语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:黑人英语形成主要特征

摘要:美国黑人英语(African-American English)主要是美国黑人使用的英语,与标准美国英语相比, 它在语言结构上有着许多共同之处, 但是在语音、语法方面又有着不少细微的差别。论文分析了美国黑人英语的起源与形成,并详尽地从语音,语法等方面分析了黑人英语的特征。

美国黑人英语在语音以及语法上和标准英语都存在许多差异,这些差异主要是由黑人文化以及美国黑人的生存环境导致的,这些反应在黑人英语与美国标准英语的差异则正反应了美国黑人的社会地位的不断改变及其黑人文化的发展。


Chapter 1: Introduction:引言


1.1What Is African-American English?美国黑人英语是什么?
“非洲裔美国英语”1969年产生于英国.african-american通常指的是英国人,在美国北部的城市,它也被称为黑人英语,或非洲裔美国黑人英语。The words “African -American English” were produced in 1969.African-American English usually refer to the English which is used in the northern American cities, and it is also known as Black Vernacular English, or Afro-American Vernacular English. African-American English is not a geographical concept nor is the concept of race.http://www.51lunwen.org/languagethesis/  Most of the black people speak African -American English, however, most of those who are middle-class don’t. Except for 80 percent of African-Americans speak African-American English; there are also some white people, Puerto Ricans in New York City and some Indians speaking African-American English. Therefore, not all blacks speak African-American English. But the people who speak African-American English are majority blacks.
African-American English is a variant of English; it resulted from the African-American culture and came into being in the background of African-American community in the United States. There is little relationship between the African -American English and the geographic locations of the African –American. The Standard American English and African-American English have a lot in common .However, due to some social, economic, historical and geographical factors, African -American English also has some unique features which this paper will deal with in the coming chapters.  During the past decades African -American English has gradually become a social dialect, for which the African -American have played a more and more important role in the American society. 
African -American English develops from Creole language in West Africa, and it is neither like the language in the West Africa nor like the Standard English in America. African -American English is an independent system and has experienced a historical and dynamic process .The black slaves trade, the influence of the African -American’s mother tongue are all factors that had played great role in the development and formation of African -American English. African -American English is the product of social history and the American environment, and we should take a proper view on the African -American English.


1.2 How did African-American English come into being?美国黑人英语是如何产生的?
In the United States, most of the black people are transported from Africa as slaves. When the European people need to communicate with the Africans, they don’t have a common language, so a new language which acts as a tool to communicate between them slowly comes into being. And this language is simple and much easier than both English and the black people’s African mother tongues; it ensures the slaves to communicate with the White well. This language is just made up by very few words at first from both English and the African languages. People often call this primitive language Negron Pidgin.
What’s more, in the plantations in North America, the slaves have their own mother tongues, to communicate with each other they have to learn the language of Negron Pidgin so that they can understand each other. As a result, Negron Pidgin becomes a common language, and their descend论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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