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Cultural Background Knowledge and English Teaching

论文作者:51lunwen论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2007-08-06编辑:点击率:13150

论文字数:46983论文编号:org200708061021047221语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:$ 22

关键词:Cultural Background KnowledgeEnglish Teaching

Outline:
I.         Problems aroused by different cultural backgrounds
A.     Some difficulties in communication caused by different cultural backgrounds
B.      Brief illustration of relationship between language and culture
C.     Problems in English teaching and teaching material caused by neglect of cultural background knowledge
  
II.      Importance of cultural background knowledge in language teaching
A.     Necessity of cultural background knowledge in aural comprehension  
B.      Necessity of cultural background knowledge in oral English  
C.     Necessity of cultural background knowledge in reading
1.       From the respect of allusions as illustration
a)       Old allusions from history, religion and literature
b)      New allusions
2.       From the respect of idioms as illustration
D.     Necessity of cultural background knowledge in writing and translation
1.       In translation
2.       In writing
a)       Differences in Chinese and English writing styles
b)      Necessity of knowing these differences
  
III.   How to carry out the teaching of cultural background knowledge
A.     Selecting proper teaching material
B.      Encouraging wide reading
C.     Paying attention to proper wording in the classroom
D.     Using native English video tapes and films
E.      Encouraging communication with native speakers of English  
F.      Holding lectures about culture
  
IV. Conclusion: It is necessary for teachers to pass on cultural background knowledge to students.
  
  
Once an American was visiting the home of a Chinese. As the visitor saw the host’s wife, he said,“ Your wife is very beautiful.” The host smiled and said:“ Where? Where?”—which caused the American’s surprise, but still he answered: “ Eyes, hair, nose…”—an answer that the host found a bit puzzling. The surprising was caused by different cultures. “Where? Where?” meaning “哪里! 哪里!”in Chinese is a kind of humble saying. But the American understood it as “Which parts of the body are beautiful?” So, the reason for both sides’ misunderstandings was differences in customs and habits. Each was expressing and understanding what the other said according to his or her culture.
Events like these are fairly common when people of different languages and cultures communicate. Because of cultural differences, misunderstandings may arise, although the language used in communication may be faultless. The same words or expressions may not mean the same thing to different peoples. Because of cultural differences, a serious question may cause amusement or laughter;a harmless statement may cause displeasure or anger. Because of cultural differences, jokes by a foreign sp论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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