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烟台大学论中西方鬼文化的差异

论文作者:bluesky论文属性:本科毕业论文 Thesis登出时间:2013-03-25编辑:bluesky点击率:5855

论文字数:6027论文编号:org201303181214488345语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:$ 55

关键词:中国鬼文化西方鬼文化鬼文学鬼节鬼文化观念差异

摘要:本文首先介绍了鬼文化的定义及价值。鬼文化是人类活动的产物,也是人类社会文化的重要组成部分。其次介绍了中西方人对鬼的认知,展现中西方人的鬼文化观念差异。文学和民俗是文化诠释人类世界的手段。

介绍
如今关于各种鬼的故事都和一定的物理现像有关,形成重影流行的吸血鬼日记娱乐的公共场所的鬼屋,鬼的传说流行的恐怖小说,从万圣节鬼化妆舞会的形式,所有这些都表明,神秘的鬼,吸引了不同年龄,知识水平和社会地位的人。
Introduction http://www.51lunwen.org/literaturearts/
   Nowadays, form all kinds of ghost stories to realistic physics encounter, form the ghost images in the popular Vampire Diary to the public place of entertainment named haunted house, from the ghost legends to popular horror novels, form from Halloween to the ghost costume party, all of those show the mystery of the ghosts, which attracts people of different ages, knowledge levels and social statuses. People think that their thoughts and feelings are not physical behavior but behavior of the soul in their body and disappear after their death. In Engels's opinion, the reason why people think like that is that human of high antiquity do not know their physical structure and they are influenced by the scene in their dream. (qtd. in 汪纷玲173). In remote antiquity, people began to think about the relationship between the soul and the world: now that souls exist even after death, they will not disappear by themselves. Then the idea of immortal souls and ghosts gradually forms. Ghost is a fruit bared by human thoughts. There must be some relationship between the mysterious ghost phenomenon and human society (John Fiske 6). That is to say, ghost is a mirror that reflects human world. Once the concept of ghost exists, it will permeate into people’s thoughts and influence their view of world (汪纷玲 169). In addition, ghosts involve in many other parts of culture. Just as Xu Hualong mentioned that ghost was related to many academic circles such as literature, folk-custom, art, philosophy, psychology and religion (徐华龙 1). Hence, research in ghost culture provides a good foundation for research of literature and folk-custom (qtd. in 冯立32). So what’s the meaning of ghost? What’s the moral images and meaning in Chinese and western literature? What’s the relationship between those ghosts and human being? What’re the characters of ghost in religion in Chinese and western folk-customs? This paper will illustrate these questions.
   
鬼文化概论
根据牛津高阶英语词典,“鬼”被定义为“出现人还活着的人死去的人的灵魂”(“鬼,几千年后,鬼仍是人类神秘。对鬼的方式,人类产生的鬼的许多产品,如鬼小说,幽灵相关海关,鬼的艺术,这些都是鬼文化。
Introduction to ghost culture
  According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary, “ghost” was defined as “the spirit of a dead person appearing to somebody who is still living person” (“Ghost,” def. 620). After thousands of years, ghosts still remain mysterious to human being. On the way of probing ghosts, human produced many products of ghosts, such as ghost novels, ghost related customs, ghost art, and all these make up the ghost culture.
2.1 Definition of ghost culture
   In late 19th century, anthropologist Edward Burnett Taylor found that before the religion came into being, man was scared of death. They were surprised at not only the difference between dead body and living human body but also the phenomenon of breath and dream (qtd. in许祥麟 77). Consequently, they supposed that a man was composed of two parts: body and soul. And then the concept of ghost formed. The ancient Chinese philosopher Xun Zi thought ghost was a product created by human. People think that they actually see the ghost, in Xun Zi's view, always under the condition of jadedness. Hence ghost is a part of human's imagination (qtd. in徐赐成 52).
    As for the ghost culture, as its literal meaning suggests, it refers to 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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