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《红字》中的象征手法-Symbols in The Scarlet Letter

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2014-04-21编辑:caribany点击率:7044

论文字数:4935论文编号:org201404162145357005语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:scarlet letter红字symbolism象征手法ambiguity


《红字》中的象征手法-Symbols in The Scarlet Letter

Abstract: As one masterpiece of the American literature,the novel The Scarlet Letter enjoys great prestige. In order to express the profound theme, symbolism is fully applied throughout the novel. The author consciously enables the work to be ambiguous, even the contradictory. This novel manifests the writer Hawthorne’s religious ideas in dipicting the leading characters and in arrangement of the plots, promulgating Hawthorne’s contradictions between pursuing the emancipation of humanity, romanticism thoughts and the puritanism. Its primary causes are Hawthorne’s living conditions, individual growth course and US social situation at that time.

摘  要:作为美国浪漫主义小说的代表,《红字》享有很高的声望;为了表达深刻主题,象征主义手法在小说中得以充分地应用,作者有意识地使作品具有歧义性、甚至于矛盾性。该小说在主人公的刻画及故事情节的安排上都体现出作家霍桑的宗教思想观念,揭示了霍桑追求人类个性解放的浪漫主义思想与清教道德理念的双重矛盾性。其主要原因是霍桑的生活环境、个人成长历程及当时美国的社会现状的影响所致。

Key words: scarlet letter; symbolism; ambiguity; Puritanism.


Ⅰ.Introduction  引言
Nathaniel Hawthorne is one of the most prolific symbolists in American literature, and The Scarlet Letter makes the writer known all around the world. He is influenced deeply by Puritanism, Transcendentalism and Mysticism. “The central subject of Hawthorne’s major works is the human soul. He thinks everyone possesses some evil secret and evil seems to be man’s birthmark.”(Wang Leng: 49) Hawthorne gives his analysis of the moral problems of his own age through remarkably vivid pictures of the New England. “His fiction examines the effect of hidden sin and secret guilt; it explores the tension between the head and the heart.” (Wang Leng: 49) His works are quite ambiguous, The Scarlet Letter reflects his style and artistic characteristics and is notable for its allegory and symbolism.
霍桑是美国文学中最丰富的象征主义之一,红字,使他成为世界各地的知名作家。清教主义,超验主义和神秘主义对他的影响很深。 “霍桑的主要作品的中心主题是人的灵魂。他认为每个人都拥有一些秘密的邪恶和邪恶似乎是男人的胎记“(横岭:49)。霍桑通过新英格兰的显着生动的图片给他自己时代的道德问题分析。 “他的小说检查隐藏的罪恶和秘密罪的效果;它探讨的头部和心脏之间的紧张关系“(横岭:49),他的作品是相当模糊的,红字体现了他的风格和艺术特点,并有著名的寓言和象征。

Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter is one of the most analyzed and most discussed literary works in American literature. In many stories, symbols included by the author add deeper meaning. Nathaniel Hawthorne is the author who masters the skill of using symbols effectively. The Scarlet Letter is regarded as a symbolic masterpiece due to Hawthorne’s exceptional use of the scarlet letter, the setting as symbols. Hawthorne’s ambiguity and his intense use of symbols have made this work incredibly complex and incredibly bothersome.  In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses many symbols to give insight into characters and promote his views on society.  The scaffold scenes in the novel tell the reader exactly what is to come, and the presence of light in those scenes gives the readers insight into the characters.
Reputed as “the first symbolism novel in America”, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s masterpiece The Scarlet Letter takes an important place in world literature. The success of this work owes much to Hawthorne’s distinctive means of artful creation, one of which is the employment of symbolism. Symbolism is a traditional artistic form; it also is a major feature of Romanticism. As a famous writer of romanticism, Hawthorne is skillful at the using of symbol论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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