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韩非子和马基雅维利比较研究 The comparative study between Hanfeizi and Machiavelli

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2014-07-03编辑:felicia点击率:2818

论文字数:1559论文编号:org201407030900085086语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:comparativeoutdatedrepresentative figurelawpolitician

摘要:不同国家不同时期的政治家,有着相同的政治理念,对于当今时代有着巨大的启发作用。本文通过韩非子和马基雅维利的思想对比,探讨他们思想的现实意义。

摘要 Abstract:

正如我们所知道的那样,韩非子是法家的代表人物,他的学说在《韩非子》一书中表现得淋漓尽致。他大力提倡法学,强调法律的重要性,提倡一国之君以法治国。大约一千年之后,意大利有一个政治家马基雅维里,他有一本书叫《小王子》,他提出了与韩非子一样的理论,倡导皇帝以武力治理国家。本文试图探索两者背景、对自然和人类关系的关系方面的相似之处和差异。

韩非子,出生在春秋战国时期的韩国,当时,韩非子所处的韩国是七国中最弱小的一个国家。韩非子,受到了荀子和道教思想的影响,看到了韩国的政治腐败,因此提出了很多改革建议。但是韩国君主不接受的他的思想,韩国一天天衰败下去。但是秦始皇钦佩韩非子的才华,想在秦国给他一个职位。虽然秦始皇由于听信李斯的谗言杀死了韩非子,但是他执行了韩非子的建议,结束了诸侯争霸的分散局面,建立了统一的中央集权制国家。


As we know, Hanfeizi is the most representative figure of the legist school. His ideas are best described in his book “Hanfeizi ”,in which he strongly advocated the importance of “law”, “means”, “force ” for an emperor to control his country. About one thousand years later, in Italy there was an politician named Machiavelli. In his famous book called “The Prince”, he adopted the same attitude with Hanfeizi towards how an emperor should rule his country. In this paper, the author tries to explore some similarities and some dissimilarities between the two great thinkers from the aspect of their background, their attitudes towards the nature and relationship of human beings and so on.

I 他们背景的相似之处 I Similarities in their backgrounds

Hanfeizi (280BC_233BC) was born in the Spring and Autumn Period in Han state. At that time Han state was the most weakest state of the seven states. Hanfeizi ,who was much influenced by his teacher Xunzi and the Taoism, saw the political corruption in his country and put forward much useful advice to carry out reform.. Unfortunately the emperor of Han would not like to adopt his ideas and let his country wither away. However the emperor of Qinshihuang admired the talent of Hanfeizi and wanted to give him a position in Qin state. Although Qinshihuang finally killed Hanfeizi owing to listening to the unfaithful advice of Lisi., he ruled his country on the principles advocated by Hanfeizi. Until that time did the divived situation come to an end and the united central right come out.


Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy at a time when the country was in political upheaval . Italy was divided between four dominant city-states, and each of these was continually at the mercy of the stronger foreign governments of Europe. Since 1434 Florence was ruled by the wealthy Medici family. Their rule was temporarily interrupted by a reform movement, begun in 1494, in which the young Machiavelli became an important diplomat. When the Medici family regained power in 1512 with the help of Spanish troops, Machiavelli was tortured and removed from public life. For the next 10 years he devoted himself to writing history, political philosophy, and even plays. He ultimately gained favor with the Medici family and was called back to public duty for the last two years of his life. Machiavelli's greatest work is The Prince, written in 1513 and published after his death in 1532. The work immediately provoked controversy and was soon condemned by Pope Clement VIII. Its main theme is that princes should retain absolute control of their territories, and they should use any means of expediency to accomplish this end, including deceit. Scholars struggle over interpreting Machiavelli's precise point. In several section Machiavelli praises Caesar Borgia, a Spanish aristocrat who became a notorious and much despised tyrant of the Romagna region of northern Italy. During Machiavelli's early years as a diplomat, he was in contact with Borgia and w论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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