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美国学期论文:IPO首次公开募股

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学期论文 termpaper登出时间:2016-03-24编辑:anne点击率:2132

论文字数:1460论文编号:org201603241015086220语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:公开招股美国证券交易委员会IPO

摘要:首次公开发行是一种很好的方式,为公司成长和大量的公司上市,每年增加市场需求。

IPO代表了首次公开招股。这是一个公司发行普通股或共享公众在第一时间(“IPO”)。小公司发行股票筹集资金,以扩展业务。大型民营企业想要成为发行股票或股票公开上市。
IPO stands for initial public offering. It is a company issues common stock or share to public at the first time (“IPO”). Small companies issue stock to raise capital to expand their business. Large private owned companies want to become publicly traded by issuing stocks or shares.


当公司决定提供资金,他们需要找到一家投资银行做了“包销”的工作,这意味着帮助该公司决定多少股票发行及每股的价格。在此之后,该公司已注册文件给美国证券交易委员会(SEC)。在注册文件,公司已披露所有会计和财务信息提供给美国证券交易委员会。一旦他们在SEC拿到批文,公司和投资公司可以决定何时执行和每股的价格。

When the company decides to offering the capital, they need to find an investment bank to do the 'underwriting' job which means help the company decide to how many shares to issue and the price of each share. After this, the corporation has to file a registration to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). In the registration paper, corporation has to disclose all the accounting and financial information to the SEC. Once they get approval by the SEC, the corporation and the investment company can decide the when and execute the price of each share.


大约有IPO的一些优点和缺点。 IPO的第一个优势是公司可以通过发行股票寻求资金。然后,公司上市后,他们可以得到声望和公众形象,越来越多的人会去了解这些公司。 IPO也有助于公司附加和留住优秀员工和先进的管理人员。创建如股票,可转换债券和更便宜的银行贷款,多种融资机会是IPO(“IPO”)的另一个优势。因为我们知道,公司上市后,他们将负责公共和股票发行的佣金,如SEC之下。公司应准备好公开财务报表和经营策略。另一个原因是公司不希望公开上市是它的成本了很多钱。和风险管理告诉我们,这是可能的,如果公司有业务的低迷。There are some pros and cons about IPO. The first advantage of IPO is that company can seek for capital by issuing stocks. Then after companies go public, they can get prestige and public image and more and more people will get to know about those companies. IPO also helps a company to attach and retain good employees and sophisticated management people. Creating multiple financing opportunities such as equity, convertible debt and cheaper bank loans is another advantage of IPO (“IPO”). As we know that, after companies go public, they will be under the charge of public and stock issue commission such as SEC. Companies should be ready for disclose the financial statements and business strategy. Another reason that company doesn’t want to go public is it costs a lot of money. And risk management tells us that it is possible if the company has a business downturn.

One of the current news about IPO is that Oaktree Capital Group is willing to file for an IPO with 100 million of its class A units. Oaktree will use part of the proceeds from the offering to acquire Oaktree Operating Group units from its affiliate Oaktree Capital Group Holdings L.P. (ch.2). But the company didn’t disclose how many share they will offer and the price of each share. Oaktree will use the money they raise in the IPO to calculate registration fees. But the exactly amount of the IPO may be different. 
Many companies file for an IPO according to the situations they are suffering. In recently years, the economics is experiencing a downturn; so many companies want to seek for capital in order to expand the business and rebound. But on the other hands, it costs a lot to go public and other risks will be taken automatically by the companies who go public. After the companies go public, they will experience more competition and they have to disclose their financial information. They don’t have as much as free as before. Many companies still failed to recover after they go public.
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