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Scientific Management in a Knowledge-Based Economy-知识经济下的科学管理

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2014-04-03编辑:caribany点击率:3138

论文字数:2700论文编号:org201404031518263732语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:Scientific Management科学管理Knowledge-Based Economy知识经济managerial pattern

摘要:随着社会和经济的发展,科学管理的泰勒原则面临着挑战,这是由当今商业世界的变化造成的,包括社会,政治,经济和环境方面的变化。

Scientific Management in a Knowledge-Based Economy

知识经济下的科学管理


1.    Introduction  引言
 
1.1A Brief Background to Scientific Management  科学管理的背景介绍


By tracing to an event which occurred in the late 1910s, the significance of the term “scientific management” has been raised. In the early summer of that year, the railroads of the United States north of the Ohio and Potomac rivers and east of the Mississippi had filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission new freight tariffs (Horace, 1915). After that time on, wages have been raised as the operating cost was increasing. This seems that the railroads would produce enough revenues as to make desired improvements for the successful flotation of their securities. It was also associated with the definition of scientific management, which could mean high wages for employees and low labor-cost.

追溯到20世纪10年代末的事件,“科学管理”的重要意义已经被提出。在这一年的初夏,美国的俄亥俄州和波托马克河和密西西比河以东以北的铁路的新货运运价已提交给美国州际商业委员会(贺拉斯,1915)。在此之后,工资的提出导致经营成本增加。似乎铁路将产生足够的收入,以使他们的股票的成功上市得到预期的改善。也有人以科学管理的定义,这可能意味着高工资的员工和低廉的劳动力成本相关联。
 
In general, this management system is concerned with new legitimacy and disciplines for management by basing it on the authority of science—time-and-motion studies (A Dictionary of Sociology, 1998). Through applying this kind of managerial pattern, a mental revolution would be achieved with replacement of worker-manager conflicts by introducing in the scientific redesign of supervision and work organization. This can be fulfilled by a thinking department to research into task performance; detailed studies and fragmentation of individual tasks so as to identify the ‘one best way’ to be adopted by all workers. Apart from these, selection and motivation of workers can also be attributes of systematic matching of tasks and abilities.
一般来说,这种管理制度是通过对科学的时间与动作研究,关注新的合法性和学科管理(字典社会学,1998年)的权威立足的了。通过应用这种管理模式,一种精神的革命将与更换工人、管理者冲突,通过引入监督和工作组织的科学的重新设计来实现。这可以通过一个思维部门去研究任务绩效达成;详细的研究和单个任务的碎片,以确定应由所有工人所采取的“一个最好的办法”。除了这些,工人的选择和激励也可以是任务和能力的系统的匹配。


1.2Purpose
With the accelerating development of global economy, organizations are increasingly required to clarify their basic mission and main objectives. Primarily, as the organizational value and distinction creator, executive managers, should be highly noticed, with establishing an appropriate match between employees and organizations, especially for their employment policies and regulations. In consequence, the process of finding out strategies for achieving organizational goals, as well as satisfying individual employees’ needs, is currently attached more importance to. Moreover, in this new advanced era, there are two major trends in economic activities in the world: production based on vast information and the globalization of production relations worldwide. It posed great challenges for international corporate managerial systems to apply effective approaches of management in the global context. This essay will discuss different definitions of scientific management theories, as well as investigate whether it can contribute to an organization’s success in today’s high level of globalization.
 
1.3Dissertation Outline Structure
At first, a brief introduction of the proposed topic would be presented, which can also be regar论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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