英语论文网

留学生硕士论文 英国论文 日语论文 澳洲论文 Turnitin剽窃检测 英语论文发表 留学中国 欧美文学特区 论文寄售中心 论文翻译中心

Bussiness ManagementMBAstrategyHuman ResourceMarketingHospitalityE-commerceInternational Tradingproject managementmedia managementLogisticsFinanceAccountingadvertisingLawBusiness LawEducationEconomicsBusiness Reportbusiness planresearch proposal

英语论文题目英语教学英语论文商务英语英语论文格式商务英语翻译广告英语商务英语商务英语教学英语翻译论文英美文学英语语言学文化交流中西方文化差异英语论文范文英语论文开题报告初中英语教学英语论文文献综述英语论文参考文献

ResumeRecommendation LetterMotivation LetterPSapplication letterMBA essayBusiness Letteradmission letter Offer letter

澳大利亚论文英国论文加拿大论文芬兰论文瑞典论文澳洲论文新西兰论文法国论文香港论文挪威论文美国论文泰国论文马来西亚论文台湾论文新加坡论文荷兰论文南非论文西班牙论文爱尔兰论文

小学英语教学初中英语教学英语语法高中英语教学大学英语教学听力口语英语阅读英语词汇学英语素质教育英语教育毕业英语教学法

英语论文开题报告英语毕业论文写作指导英语论文写作笔记handbook英语论文提纲英语论文参考文献英语论文文献综述Research Proposal代写留学论文代写留学作业代写Essay论文英语摘要英语论文任务书英语论文格式专业名词turnitin抄袭检查

temcet听力雅思考试托福考试GMATGRE职称英语理工卫生职称英语综合职称英语职称英语

经贸英语论文题目旅游英语论文题目大学英语论文题目中学英语论文题目小学英语论文题目英语文学论文题目英语教学论文题目英语语言学论文题目委婉语论文题目商务英语论文题目最新英语论文题目英语翻译论文题目英语跨文化论文题目

日本文学日本语言学商务日语日本历史日本经济怎样写日语论文日语论文写作格式日语教学日本社会文化日语开题报告日语论文选题

职称英语理工完形填空历年试题模拟试题补全短文概括大意词汇指导阅读理解例题习题卫生职称英语词汇指导完形填空概括大意历年试题阅读理解补全短文模拟试题例题习题综合职称英语完形填空历年试题模拟试题例题习题词汇指导阅读理解补全短文概括大意

商务英语翻译论文广告英语商务英语商务英语教学

无忧论文网

联系方式

难道中国政府权力下放造成的经济奇迹? Did government decentralization cause China’s economic miracle?

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:案例分析 Case Study登出时间:2011-01-27编辑:anterran点击率:13833

论文字数:11176论文编号:org201101271000405841语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:government decentralizationChina’s economic miracleeconomicpolitical

Did government decentralization cause China’s economic miracle?
Hongbin Cai a Daniel Treisman

Many scholars attribute China’s remarkable economic performance since
留学生论文网1978 in part to the country’s political and fiscal decentralization. Politicaldecentralization is said to have stimulated local policy experiments andrestrained predatory central interventions. Fiscal decentralization is thoughtto have motivated local officials to promote development and hardenenterprises’ budget constraints. The locally diversified structure of the prereformeconomy is said to have facilitated liberalization. We examine thesearguments and find that none establishes a convincing link between
decentralization and China’s successes. We suggest an alternative view of thereform process, in which growth-enhancing policies emerged from
competition between pro- and anti-market factions in Beijing.
a Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles
b Department of Political Science, University of California, Los Angeles, 4289 Bunche
Hall, Los Angeles CA 90095-1472.
1 Introduction
What roles have political and fiscal decentralization played in China’s economic reforms and in
the remarkable boom they fostered? Since the late 1970s, China has liberalized most prices, decollectivized
agriculture, and integrated into world markets. These changes fueled an
unprecedented period of growth, with GDP per capita rising from $674 in 1978 to $5,085 in 2004
(in PPP-adjusted 2000 dollars).1 Scholars have attributed this economic miracle to many causes—recovery from the Cultural Revolution, initial underdevelopment, and a rich diaspora, to name afew. But some suggest the country’s decentralized structures of government and public finance
played an important part.2Those who credit the success of China’s reforms in part to decentralization make five
main arguments. First, some focus on the pre-reform economy’s modular organization. Ratherthan a specialized, nationwide hierarchy, China’s economy consisted of parallel, diversified
provincial economies. This reduced dislocations and stimulated competition when markets were
introduced. Second, some believe political decentralization encouraged local reform experiments,
allowing new ideas to percolate up from the grass roots. Third, some argue decentralization
created political checks on the central authorities, limiting predation and convincing investors
reforms would last. Fourth, some suggest fiscal decentralization gave local officials strong
1 Based on the International Comparison Program, as reported in the World Bank’s World Development
Indicators Database. In non-PPP adjusted 2000 US dollars, the increase was from $153 to $1,162.
2 For instance, Qian and Weingast (1996) assert that: “The critical component of China’s market-oriented
reform, which began in 1979, is decentralization.” Montinola et al. (1996) label China’s political system
during the reform era one of “market-preserving federalism,” and suggest this had various economic
benefits. Qian and Roland (1998, p.1156) argue that: “one of the most distinct features of China’s transition
has been associated with devolution of authority from the central to local levels of government.” For other
articles that link the success of economic reforms to political decentralization, see Chen (1993) and Xu and
Zhuang (1998). Adherents of this view often note that decentra论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

共 1/23 页首页上一页1234567下一页尾页

英国英国 澳大利亚澳大利亚 美国美国 加拿大加拿大 新西兰新西兰 新加坡新加坡 香港香港 日本日本 韩国韩国 法国法国 德国德国 爱尔兰爱尔兰 瑞士瑞士 荷兰荷兰 俄罗斯俄罗斯 西班牙西班牙 马来西亚马来西亚 南非南非

   Europe (24-hours)
   EN:13917206902
   china (24-hours)
   CN:13917206902
在线客服团队
    全天候24小时在线客服
      QQ:949925041 
  

微信公众订阅号