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论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2015-02-01编辑:Cinderella点击率:3595

论文字数:3286论文编号:org201501271433298569语种:英语论文 English地区:澳大利亚价格:免费论文

关键词:terrorismglobal security911事件恐怖主义




Nearly two millennia ago, in Ancient Palestine, the Zealots- Sicarii used terrorism as a means to oppose the Roman occupation of Judea. At the time, Josephus Flavius, a Jewish commander who changed to become a Roman supporter and historian, records how the Zealots-Sicarii mingled in the crowds in Jerusalem committing murders using the short daggers (sica) that they had concealed in their clothes. Zealots show that the existence of terrorism in the form of terrorist groups has a long history.

Leaving behind the 1st century A.D., we will arrive to our century and more specifically to the day which was portrayed as the day that “changed the world”, September 11. On 20 September, 2001 George W. Bush, heavily criticised for his invisibility throughout the immediate aftermath of the attacks on the US, addressed Congress. His nation had been “awakened to danger and called to defend freedom” [1] . In order to defend his nation George W. Bush declared the “war on terror” by setting up also the dimensions of this declaration: it begins with Al-Qaida, but it does not end there. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated. All nations that “provide aid or safe haven to terrorists” would be pursued relentlessly on the basis of an ultimatum that either “you are with us or you are with the terrorists” ( P. Scraton, 2002, page 5). That simply means that there is no third way, no neutral territories. Any regime tolerating or “encouraging terrorism” would be designed “hostile” because threats US interests.

Regardless of international mandate, formal political debate or democratic political process and in contravention of international law and conventions, Bush prepared the ground for the inevitable. This “war” was not only against Islam but against any ubiquitous terrorism. With over 60 nation-states already proscribed as hostile, the long haul announced and the “defence of civilisation” as the high moral purpose , the US was going to war (P. Scraton, 2002, page 5). Any state which was not party to Bush administration's solution, it would be regarded part of its problem. US has been authorized to define, name and eliminate “terrorist” organizations, their members and their associates.

On behalf of UK, Tony Blair endorsed the Bush speech without qualification and the president did not disappoint: the US, he stated, had “no truer friend than Great Britain” with the two states now “joined together in a great cause”. Eight days later in his speech to the Labour Party's annual conference Blair declared September 11 to b论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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