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英国留学assignment:马克思主义文化研究者——雷蒙▪威廉斯

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2015-02-13编辑:Cinderella点击率:1928

论文字数:2118论文编号:org201501292003467020语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:Raymond WilliamsCommunist Party马克思主义

摘要:本文介绍了20世纪中叶英语世界最重要的马克思主义文化批评家,文化研究的重要奠基人之一——雷蒙▪威廉斯。

雷蒙威廉斯的父亲是一位铁道工人,同时也是20世纪20年代当地工党分支书记。在他诞生的村庄,大部分铁道工人支持工党,而大部分农民则支持自由党。威廉斯的童年被纳粹党与战争带来的恐怖充斥着。在他14岁的时候,西班牙内战爆发,直接导致他加入了当地左翼图书俱乐部。1937年参加日内瓦某青年会议时,威廉斯买了一本共产党宣言,第一次读到了卡尔马克思的书籍。后来他进入剑桥大学的三一学院学习,也正是在这里,他加入了英国共产党。在那里,威廉斯被安排制作一份共产党宣传小册子,其中包含一些有关俄国与芬兰战争的信息。1979年威廉斯在《政治与文学》当中写到,“人们获得了这份工作,仅仅是因为他能够根据已有的历史材料进行快速写作。经常是以专家的姿态,写着自己知之甚少的话题。”

 

在回忆书籍《我的剑桥》当中,威廉斯表示并不喜欢这所学校。他的文章这样开头,“它根本不是我的剑桥,从一开始这就是明了的。”由于要求服二战期间的兵役,威廉斯不得不离开学校。直到1940年冬天回剑桥参加考试时,他依然呆在英国军队。

 

Raymond Williams’ father was a railway worker and also the secretary of the local Branch Labour Party in the 1920s. His birthplace was in a village where the railway workers were favour of Labour party while most of the farmers voted Liberal. His teenage years were full of terror caused by Nazis and the war. When he was 14 years old, the Spanish Civil War broke out that led him to the local Left Book Club. Attending a youth conference in Geneva in 1937 with this club, he bought The Communist Manifesto and read a Karl Marx book for the first time. Williams attended Trinity College of Cambridge, where he joined the Communist Party of Great Britain. There, he was assigned to make a Communist Party pamphlet which contained some information about the war between Russia and Finland. He wrote in Politics and Letters (1979) that they 'were given the job as people who could write quickly, from historical materials supplied for us. You were often in there writing about topics you did not know very much about, as a professional with words.'

 

He never liked the university very much as when asked to write about those days in a book called My Cambridge (1977a), his essay was starting with, 'It was never my Cambridge. That was clear from the start'. Williams got to leave off his education because he was called to the army to serve at World War II. He was still in the British Army in the winter of 1940 when he returned to Cambridge to attend his exams. At the same time, Germany attacked Russia. Communist party did not allow his members to join the army. So, Williams formally abdicated the Party and went to the battle.

 

Williams joined the army, when they have sent an army guard to Invasion of Normandy. He was trained to be a part of military communica论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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