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国内政府工程质量监督管理体制现状

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2013-08-22编辑:yangcheng点击率:2167

论文字数:1270论文编号:org201308220943256680语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:管理管理学组织工程管理

摘要:工程质量政府监督制度的确立,标志着我国的工程建设质量监督由原来的单向政府行政管理向政府专业技术质量监督转变,由仅仅依赖施工企业自检自评、建设单位第二方验收检查,向第三方政府质量监督和施工企业内部自控及建设单位第二方检查项结合转变。

改革开放前,我国建筑业管理运行体制的显著特点是,为了完成国家的基本建设任务组织建筑业队伍,工程建设管理部门主要是队伍管理和重点工程直接组织指挥,企业只是政府组织中的一个单位,没有任何自主权和独立经营权,是一种高度集权的管理和行业运行体制。

Before the reform, China's construction management and operation system notable feature is that in order to complete the task of building the country's basic organizational construction team, construction management department is mainly focused Engineering team management and direct organization and command, business is just a unit of government organizations , there is no autonomy and the right to operate independently, is a highly centralized system of management and industry running. Founded in 1952, our Central People's Government Ministry of construction, the main task is to rule the national construction, contracting national key projects. National Engineering Bureau has six administrative regions, provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities with local authorities in the construction industry Engineering Administration, design and construction team and contractors in accordance with self-setting two systems, which belong to the competent administrative systems, built and Industry has also set up 8 immediate Engineering Bureau, the Ministry of Industry and the central departments each have their own almost immediate professional engineering contracting team. This is the future that compartmentalization construction management, professional division, business sub-sector and rule, contracting by limiting the scope of the institutional foundations. Distributed by the state building enterprise mission, economic accountable materials unified allocation and distribution. In the ten years of chaos before the implementation of the construction industry also had to take on contract manufacturing and construction costs, economic accounting, but they were not institutionalized and develop. During the ten years of turmoil, the construction industry has also been a serious setback. Economic work of the "leftist" mistakes, some adjustment period in the previous ten years of chaos have not been thoroughly corrected on, ten years of chaos began to run rampant. February 1966, the State Construction Committee presented to over 300 million people in the construction team (except for collective construction enterprises) for rectification and integration stages for the militarization of the pilot. The construction industry in adjustment period established set of systems, methods have all been as a "pipe, cards, press" a critical, enterprise management paralyzed. Meanwhile, the abolition of the Order of the contract system, the abolition of the construction fee of the system, from the 1967 New Year's Day until the end of March 1973 to the implementation of regular fee system, that in accordance with substantially the same standards by the State directly to the construction team wages and management fees, with the Ultra-economic means instead of economic management, with a military-style organizational management enterprise, with the militarization of the ways to engage construction, resulting in the production of business management and construction chaos. In the construction phase, only concerned about the progress of the construction unit, construction units mostly do not understand the architectural profession, coupled with the country has not yet introduced a unified quality assessment standards, so quality of the project by the construction unit's internal quality control inspection and manag论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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