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英国政府机构改革和纳税人权益研究

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学期论文 termpaper登出时间:2015-04-03编辑:Cinderella点击率:2996

论文字数:2810论文编号:org201504012209253248语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:Innovation政府改革纳税人

摘要:本文对英国政府机构的改革工作进行了研究,以及纳税人要求自己获得缴纳税款相应的权益。

引言——Introduction


为了应对大规模的资金压缩,我们不仅需要常规地方工作,也需要一些个性,将用户置于设计服务的中心。正如我们注意到的那样,英国保守党取得大选胜利之后,公共部门有大幅裁剪。英国经济本来就因为不景气遭受重击,让情况更糟糕的则是,削减成本,利润减少,失业,暂停的项目导致当地市场现金流停滞。地方议会也遭受重创,因为更多的职位将失去,来自政府的资金也十分少。议会已经在群求改善现状的途径,但是从消费者角度来讲,他们向各自地方议会缴纳了赋税,就应当获取相应的回报价值。政府部门改革将是国家经济发展的有力推动者,为了个体公民的福利。然而,目前对政府部门改革的研究调查尚很少。


根据莱恩所言,整个20世纪90年代,多国政府着手对公共服务进行改革。这些改革需要负责任、有应答、针对性且高品质的条款,也需要极高的效率,有些政府试图进行部分分离式改革,同时也有政府尝试整体改革,包括地方分权,私有化等。同样的,与税额同等价值的回馈,对于消费者和纳税人来说也很重要。经常可以听见人们在公众场合或是媒体上发表评论,认为“这是对税款的浪费”,这也显示了人们是多么希望得到自己缴税应获得的福利。



To meet large scale funding reductions we'll need both joined-up local working and innovation which puts users at the heart of service design and delivery. As we are aware there have been large cuts in the Public Sector after the election in the UK by the Conservatives. The UK economy was already hit hard due to recession, to make things worst there have been cost-cutting, benefit reduction, job losses, projects put on hold which has stop the flow of money coming in the local market. Local Councils have been hit hard as many more jobs are to go and also low government funding. The council has to find means and ways to deal with the current situation, I feel bringing in Innovation is the best way to tackle the situation, but fro the point of view of the consumers who are paying council taxes to their respective local councils they should get value for their money. Public Sector Innovation is a key contributor to national growth, and to the welfare of individual citizens, yet precious little research has been conducted on public sector Innovations (Baumol, W 1967).


According to Lane (2000) throughout the 1990s many government embarked on reforms of one sort or another to the provisions of the public services. These were prompted by related demands for accountability, responsive, targeted and quality provision, and spending efficiencies, some government tried to implement discrete changes, while others attempted wholesale reforms including decentralisation, privatisation . Similarly Value for Money is also important for the consumers and the tax payers you will often hear people in public or in media commenting, 'waste of tax payers money' which shows how much people are expecting on getting a value for their money. The government and the council have access to these funds and also have the right to spend it, people are often unhappy about spending cuts as this reduces the growth and flow of capital in the local economy. According to the UK Audit Office Value for Money Handbook, as a major activity its is important that a value for money examination follows principles of good project management. In the UK National Audit Office the approach is to develop business case justifying the examination, the issues it will address, the evidence it will collect and how this will be analysed together with the budget and time line for completing study.


Cost Cutting


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