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人民调解以促进调解技术在中国的优缺点分析-A study of the advantages and disadvantages in using facilitative mediation techniques in the People's Mediation in China

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2016-08-20编辑:anne点击率:2567

论文字数:14062论文编号:org201608201011478194语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:$ 132

关键词:人民调解调解技术advantages and disadvantages

摘要:人民调解委员会调解公民、公民、法人、其他社会组织关于公民权利和义务的各种民事纠纷。人民调解委员会的工作原则包括以下内容。

I. INTRODUCTION介绍


A. BackgroundA.背景
人民调解是中国法治建设中的一个独特的制度,它是现行调解制度的一个组成部分。中华人民共和国人民调解法由2010年8月28日第十一届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十六次会议通过,自2011年1月1日起生效。
中国的调解制度由三个主要部分组成:一是法院调解,又被称为诉讼调解,它是在人民法院的主持下,通过说服和教育,促进当事人达成调解协议。二是行政调解,又称诉讼调解,它指的是指在中国行政机关主持下进行的调解活动,对纠纷进行调解。第三是人民调解,属于无诉讼调解。它是在人民调解委员会的主持下,以国家法律、法规、规章、规范和社会道德为基础,进行调解,说服民事纠纷当事人,并鼓励他们相互理解和协商,达成自愿协议,消除纷争。根据宪法的规定,人民调解委员会的民事诉讼法、人民调解委员会组织条例,一般是镇或街道办事处的群众性组织,也可以设置在农村村民委员会、市/社区居民委员会;必要时,可以设立人民调解委员会;根据需要,可以设立区域性、产业性人民调解委员会,发挥人民调解纠纷的作用,在基层人民政府和基层司法行政部门的指导下工作。

People's Mediation is a unique system in the legal construction in China, it is an integral part of the existing mediation system. The People's Mediation Law of People's Republic of China was passed by the sixteenth meeting of the 11th NPC Standing Committee on August 28, 2010 and was effective from January 1, 2011.
China’s mediation system consists of three main parts: first is court mediation, it is also known as lawsuit mediation, it is under the auspices of the people's court, by persuasion and Education to promote the parties to reach a mediation agreement. Second is administrative mediation, it is also known as lawsuit mediation, it refers to the activities that are under the auspices of China’s administrative organs to carry out mediation activities towards dispute. Third is people's mediation, it belongs to mediation without litigation. It is under the auspices of people's mediation committees, taking national laws, regulations, rules, norms and social ethics as the basis to mediate, persuade the parties of civil dispute and encourage them to mutually understand and consult equally to achieve a voluntary agreement to eliminate strife.  According to provisions of the Constitution, the Civil Procedure Law, organizational regulations of the people's mediation committee, people's mediation committees are generally the mass organizations of town or neighborhood offices, they can also be set up in rural villagers' committee, city / community residents’ committee; if necessary, enterprises and institutions can establish people's mediation committees; according to needs, regional, industrial people's mediation committees can also be established, they play the role of mediating dispute among people and they work under the guidance of grass-roots people's governments and grass-roots judicial administrative departments. People's mediation committees mediate various civil disputes occurring between citizens, citizens and legal persons, other social organizations about civil rights and obligations.  Working principles of people's mediation committees include the following points. 
① They must strictly abide by national laws, policies in mediation.
② They must work in mediation under the premise of voluntary and equality of the parties.
③ They must ascertain the facts, distinguish right from wrong, based on this to mediate.
④ Without mediation or if mediation fails, they can not prevent the parties from bringing a suit in a people's court. Agreement reached through mediation has the force of law.  Since last year, people's mediation organizations have carried out a total of nearly 4.38 million times of conflict investigation to prevent disputes of 305 million pieces and mediate disputes of 13,730,000 pieces, the success rate of mediation was 97.8论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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