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对水产养殖品的营养物质研究

论文作者:啊论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-11-21编辑:anterran点击率:12554

论文字数:12544论文编号:org201011211857113356语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:AquaculturePsetta maximaCorn gluten mealAmino acids Cholesterol; TriglycerideThyroid hormone

Aquaculture 180 1999 99–117
www.elsevier.nlrlocateraqua-online
 
Partial or total replacement of fish meal by corn gluten meal in diet for turbot žPsetta maxima / www.51lunwen.org

C. Regost a, J. Arzel a, S.J. Kaushik b,)
a
Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Unite mixte INRA – IFREMER, Centre de Brest IFREMER, 29280 Plouzane, ´
´
France
b Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Unite mixte INRA– IFREMER, 64310 Saint Pee-sur-Nille, France

´´ Accepted 20 January 1999
Abstract
The effect of corn gluten meal ŽCGM. as a partial or total replacement of fish meal was studied in turbot Ž Psetta maxima .. Five experimental diets containing a gradient of CGM were fed to triplicate groups of turbot Žinitial body weight of 65 g . over 9 weeks at 178C. Turbot fed a diet containing 20% of CGM had comparable growth performances as these fed a fishmeal based diet. Total replacement of fish meal adversely affected growth. Digestibility of nutrients and energy of the diets decreased with the increase in levels of dietary corn gluten meal. Supplementation of arginine and lysine in diets containing CGM induced an improvement of the availability of these two amino acids. The incorporation of CGM in diets significantly affected plasma cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations while no effect was observed on plasma levels of thyroid hormones. These results suggest that protein from CGM can replace one third of fish meal protein in the diets for turbot. q 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.


Keywords: Psetta maxima; Corn gluten meal; Amino acids; Cholesterol; Triglyceride; Thyroid hormone


1. Introduction
In the context of research of the substitution of fish meal in diets of fish, numerous studies ŽAlexis et al., 1985; de la Higuera et al., 1988; Hughes, 1991; Moyano et al., 1992; Gomes et al., 1995; Kaushik et al., 1995; Burel et al., 1996b, 1998a. have shown, in particular with rainbow trout ŽOncorhynchus mykiss ., that it is possible to partially or even fully replace fish meal by plant protein sources such as soybean, corn gluten meal
) Corresponding author. Tel.: q33-05-59-51-59-51; Fax: q33-05-59-54-51-52; E-mail: kaushik@st-pee.inra.fr
0044-8486r99r$ -see front matter q 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. -Ž. 5
PII: S0044 8486 99 00026
C. Regost et al.rAquaculture 180 1999 99–117
ŽCGM , .lupin flour, rapeseed meal, etc. Even in marine fish, the interest of plantŽ
proteins as fish meal substitutes has been demonstrated Ballestrazi et al., 1994; Robaina et al., 1995; Nengas et al., 1996; Burel et al., 1998b ..
Ž. Ž
The turbot Psetta maxima is reported to have a high protein requirement Bromley, 1980; Cacerez-Martinez, 1984; Guillaume et al., 1991; Danielssen and Hjertnes, 1993 . .Data on the quantitative essential amino acid requirements of turbot is not available but it has been suggested that differences between species would be minor ŽMambrini and Kaushik, 1995 . . An attempt has recently been made to estimate the amino acid
Ž.
requirement profile of turbot Kaushik, 1998 . Two options are generally considered for protein economy in fish feed: protein sparing through incorporation of non-protein energy sources ŽKaushik and Oliva Teles, 1985; Cho and Kaushik, 1990; Brauge et al., 1994.and r论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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