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把歌声放在地图上

论文作者:ANICK M-J LAMARCHE论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2016-04-17编辑:anne点击率:5332

论文字数:10283论文编号:org201604162102399531语种:英语论文 English地区:澳大利亚价格:$ 66

关键词:语音女高音声乐作品

摘要:本文研究了微调的可能性,提高和量化歌手的声音状况进行评估,特别是着眼于西方歌剧女声。

Abstract摘要


语音小心使用诊断和评价方法大多是专为说话的声音,不一定直接适用于歌声。在纸我,可能的具体歌手,声音范围简介(VRP)的特点和任务进行了探索,并收集了30名女性韦斯特歌手VRP数据。声乐作品被控制的生理VRP(VRPphys)和舞台表演方面(VRP PERF),并出落得差异进行了鉴定。任务设计是为物理VRP关键,但对VRPperf的影响非常小。显著语音类别的不同(女高音,女中音和女低音之间),仅限于频率相关的指标。两个新的VRP度量,高于90分贝(四氯乙烯90分贝)和声压级程度(SPLext)的区域,分别与VRP障碍相关的同时,声压水平(SPL)或皮肤加速水平(SAL)是否是多相关的声门下压力(PS)。 SAL是更依赖比SPL F0和促进VRP数据的解释。然而,SAL和P之间的相关性被发现是比SPL和P之间弱。论文第三和第四探索自我感觉中的缺陷有关的困难到VRP的映射。一种改进的手机图形进行了测试先用一个健康的歌手人口,然后用一个歌手患者组。受试者使用的按钮装置一边唱歌传达他们的自我认知,并分别在任务重复,以及在不同的任务是一致的。Diagnostic and evaluative methods used in voice care are mostly designedfor the speaking voice, and are not necessarily directly applicable to thesinging voice. This thesis investigated the possibilities of fine tuning, improvingand quantifying the voice status assessment of the singer, focusingespecially on the Western operatic female voice.In Paper I, possible singer-specific Voice Range Profile (VRP) characteristicsand tasks were explored and VRP data for 30 professional female Westernopera singers was collected. Vocal productions were controlled for a physiologicalVRP (VRPphys) and for a stage performance context (VRPperf) andoutcome differences were identified. Task design was critical for the VRPphysbut had very little effect on the VRPperf. Significant voice category differences(between soprano,mezzo-soprano and contralto) were limited to frequencyrelatedmetrics. Two new VRP metrics, the area above 90 dB (Perc 90dB)and the sound pressure level extent (SPLext), were found to be key metricsto the study of VRPs for singers.Paper II investigated, in conjunction with the VRP, whether the soundpressure level (SPL) or the skin acceleration level (SAL) was more correlatedto the subglottal pressure (Ps). SAL was much less F0 dependent than SPLand facilitated the interpretation of VRP data. However, the correlationbetween SAL and Ps was found to be weaker than that between SPL and Ps.Papers III and IV explored the mapping of self-perceived impairmentrelateddifficulties into the VRP. A modified phonetograph was tested firstwith a healthy singer population and then with a singer-patient group. Subjectsused a button device to communicate their self-perceptions while singing,and were consistent in task replications as well as across different tasks.Healthy singers pressed mostly at the extreme limits of the VRP, where lossof vocal control could be expected and their presses were mostly concentratedon the periphery of the VRP area. Singer patient button- press patterns weredistinct from patterns observed in healthy singers. Singer patients pressedmainly inside the VRP boundaries, in the higher range and at intermediateintensities.In Paper V, the Voice Handicap Index for singers was translated andadapted to Swedish (Röst Handikap Index för sångare or RHI-s). The questionnairewas found to be a reliable and a valid instrument. High correlationsbetween general perceptual patient VAS ratings and the questionnaire scoresunderscored the instrument’s internal coherence. Overall, patient scores (includingsubscales) were significantly higher than healthy singer scores. Theresults showed implicitly the necessity and usefulness of adapting clinical proceduresto specific patient populations.Together, the results of these five papers can ultimately be of value tovoice clinicians who are treating singers. The results obtained also contributeto the understanding of the singing voice and underline the importance ofprop论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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